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WH Quarter Test 3

9.1 China at its Height
Which dynasty overthrew the Mongols in China? Ming: the most organized and strongest dynasty ever in CHN
Name one way that dynasty helped China. There are three. Made Great Wall, Took back Vietnam, made peace w/ nomads
What was the name of the new capital of the Ming? Beijing (north capital)
Who was the famous explorer for China? He is known as the Chinese Columbus. Zheng He (JUNG HUH). Traveled as far as AFR by ship.
Which European country came and offended the Chinese? Portuguese. They told CHN to burn Buddhist shrines for Jesus.
What is one reason the Ming Dynasty fell? There are three. High taxes on ppl/weak leaders/droughts and floods kill crops
How did the last Ming emperor die? Hanged self in the palace garden.
Which dynasty took over after the Ming? What were their people called? Qing (CHING). Manchu ppl from around Korea. Outsiders w/ shaved heads and ponytails.
How did Kangxi treat the Christians in China? Tolerant.
What was the name of the rebellion that weakened the Qing? White Lotus Rebellion
How would you describe China’s interaction with other countries through trade? Thought their stuff was better. Trading was a favor they did for others. Stingy, isolated, snobby.
9.2 Chinese Culture
Name one reason China’s population grew. (There are two) Peace in Qing dynasty, increased food supply.
Name two reasons China didn’t become a Commercial Capitalist country like Europe. (There are three) Trade was control of gov. ppl were less independent. Looked down on merchants.
Chinese society is organized around the _____________. Family. Its more important the individual.
Name two ways that women were treated poorly in China. Kept in house/no edu/no posessions/no divorce/footbinding
What was the name of the Chinese city within a city where only nobles could go? Imperial (Forbidden City) in Beijing.
9.3 Japan
Who are the three men that worked to unify Japan? Nobunaga, Tokugawa, Hideyoshi
What was Tokyo known as before it was Tokyo? Edo
Why did the Japanese ban the Portuguese from Japan? New Japanese Christians were told to burn Shinto shrines by missionaries.
Why did the peasants revolt in Japan? Higher taxes, worse working conditions, middle class had same jobs as peasants but w/ pay
Who is the most famous Haiku writer? Basho. Haiku is 5/7/5 syllables
What is the difference between Kabuki theater and Noh theater? Kabuki – wild fast dancing, face paint Noh – very slow, small movements, masks
Why was Korea called “The Hermit Kingdom”? ridiculously Kept themselves isolated from other countries.
Unit 10 Enlightenment
1. Why did Galileo go on trial? Who brought charges against him? Believed in heliocentric universe. Catholic Church. Gal recanted.
2. Who was the first to come up with a geocentric universe? What is geocentric? When was it first discovered? Ptolemy/Earth-centered/100s CE
3. What did Ptolemy say was beyond the tenth sphere in the universe? Heaven/God
4. Who was the first to come up with a heliocentric universe? What does heliocentric mean? Copernicus/sun-centered
3. Name two reasons the Church didn't like Galileo’s ideas about the universe. Earth not at center = ppl not important. Bible puts ppl as most important.
4. Who discovered gravity? What one-word title is his book known as? Isaac Newton/ Principia
5. What did Galen and other ancient doctors think was the beginning point for the circulation of blood in the body? Harvey disproved this idea. Liver. Shows how far we’ve come.
6. What did Cavendish say about human beings? Science helps us master nature
7. How did ideas about women in science change during the Scientific Revolution? Women proved themselves such as being scientists
8. Who said “I think, therefore I am.”? Descartes (DAY CART) – I am only alive in my mind.
9. In your own words, describe rationalism. Using reason to solve problems.
10. What is the scientific method? Who came up with it? Systematic steps of analyzing data/Bacon
11. What was the Enlightenment? Using the scientific method to solve social problems
12. Why is Diderot important in history? Invented Encyclopedia
13. What is laissez-faire and who came up with it? “let them do what they want” Gov should stay out of the econ/Smith
14. What is the social contract and who came up with it? Rousseau/ gov takes care of the ppl, ppl allow gov to rule
15. What was Mary Wollstonecraft known for? What did she argue for? First modern feminist/equal education for women
16. How did literacy increase in the Enlightenment? (three things were published more than before) Newspapers, magazines, books
17. Name one work from Bach, Handel Mozart and Hayden. Bach – Fugue, Handel – Messiah, Mozart – Magic Flute, Hayden – The Seasons
18. How would an enlightened absolute monarch rule? Rule with all power, but fairly
19. Who was the Austrian empress who strengthened the country and worked to help the serfs? Maria Theresa
20. How did Catherine the Great rule? Fairly (after Peter the Great) (Russia)
21. Who were the two main sides in the French and Indian War? What was the war called in India and Europe? Who won? Eng v. FR = FR wins
Unit 11 Revolutions 1. What were the Three Estates and what percentage of the population was each? 1st .5%, 2nd 1.5%, 3rd 98%
2. The Third Estate wanted a national ________________ where all people will be equal. When they went to vote on it, they were locked out so they met on a __________________. Constitution, Tennis Court
3. The storming of what French prison was the official start to the French Revolution? Why did the Third Estate storm the prison? Bastille, to free their friends who the king put in prison
4. Who were the king of France and his wife during the French Revolution? How did they react to the problems? They did this twice. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette fled from the palace twice
5. What does sans-culottes mean? What did the sans-culottes do to the king? What did they use to do it? (book example) Without fancy pants, they had the king beheaded with the guillotine
6. Marat was a supporter for the _____________. Charlotte ___________ killed him while he was in an ________________ bath because she thought the king was so awesome. (book example) Revolution, Corday, oatmeal
7. What was the Reign of Terror? Who was in charge of it? Give an example from either Nantes or Lyon. It was a time of the revolutionaries killing all their dissenters, it was led by Robespierre that burned a ship of dissenters in Nantes
8. What did Robespierre do in France in regards to religion? Give an example of what he did. He banned religion in France and renamed the churches temples of reason
9. What is nationalism? Why was the French revolutionary army a good example of nationalism? Love for your country not one specific leader. They fought for their own freedom.
10. Who voted to have Robespierre killed? What was the name of that new government? The directory, which was a weak government of 5 people that lasted about a year
11. Who committed a coup detat on the new government? What is a coup detat? Napoleon committed a coup detat which means a quick overthrow of a government
12. How much power did Napoleon have in the new French government? Total power. He called himself the emperor.
13. Describe the Napoleonic Code. How did it treat women? It was a civil code of laws that gave everyone rights in France but women.
14. Which modern day countries did Napoleon’s empire control all or part of? Which important European country didn’t get taken over thanks to their strong navy? Almost all of Europe except England and RUS
15. Why did nationalism grow under Napoleon? He either made Frenchmen proud of France’s power or the people he took over felt united to fight back against him.
16. Napoleon brought 600,000 troops to ____________. Their enemies retreated and _______ it’s own cities in the process so the French army would not have supplies. In the end, Napoleon retreated and ended up with only ____________ soldiers left. Russia, burned, 40,000
After his huge defeat, Nap was fired and sent to the island of __ which is off the coast of ____. Then, he escaped, came back and reassembled his ___, only to get pwnd by the Prussians in _____, Belgium. After that, France sent him to ________ Elba, Italy, army, Waterloo, St. Helena
Chapter 12 Nationalism and Unification
1. What country in Europe was the first to become industrialized? It was industrialized in the 1780s. England
2. How fast did the rocket railroad go? Where did it start and end? 16 mph. Liverpool to Manchester.
3. How many more people lived in the US in 1900 than in Britain? 35 million
4. How did the industrial revolution spread from Britain to other European countries? Railroads. (mostly W. EUR)
5. What type of factory work was 80% women? Textile aka clothes
6. Give three examples of factory conditions during industrialization. High/low temps, child labor, long hours
7. How did industrialization bring about early Socialism? Ppl working closely, in bad conditions saw that owners were making $ on the workers’ backs
8. Who were the great powers? Where did they meet? (Section 2) Austria, GB, Prussia, Russia. Met at Congress of Vienna. Worried about another Nap.
9. What did the first republic do in France? Who shut it down? Reforms to help poor/unemployed. Free bread, workshops. Shut down by conservative gov.
10. Who was the president of the second French republic? Louis Napoleon
11. Who fought in the Crimean war? Why did they fight? Who won? RUS v. FR/ENG who are helping OTM (to keep RUS in check)
13. What does realpolitik mean? Making decisions based on what needs to be done. Being practical not idealistic.
14. Who combined Prussia and Germany, defeated the French, and finally unified Germany? What was this war called? Bismarck, Franco-Prussian War
(took over Paris, sat at Louis Nap’s desk)
15. Why did England not have revolutions like everyone else in Europe at this time? Middle class was given rights, votes, low taxes
16. Who was in charge of France when the Germans were invading? Nap III (AKA Louis Napoleon)
17. How is Austria Hungary two countries but one country as well? Internally – two separate countries.
Dealing w/ other countries – one country. (for mil strength)
18. How did John MacDonald free Canada? Aka Canadian Geo. Washington/ Asked Eng for independence/ they said “yeah”
12. Who unified Italy? What was his group called? Giuseppe Garibaldi, Red Shirts (army marched south to north)
Unit 13 Industrial Revolution
1. How was the first Industrial Revolution different from the second? First had textiles and steam power, second had steel, chemicals and electric power
2. Why was Daimler (box on 398), Ford and the Wright brothers important? Daimler – invented internal combustion engine. Ford perfrected the assembly line. Wright brothers were the first to fly.
3. What important invention was responsible for the first ever night shifts in factories? Light bulb
4. What did Marx think would eventually happen to the bourgeoisie? The proletariat would overthrow them in a war.
5. What is the difference between pure Marxists and revisionist Marxists? Pure Marxists said the overthrow had to be violent, revisionists said it didn’t have to be
6. What is a strike? What is it used for? Strike – stoppage of work used as leverage to get more benefits from bosses
7. What did Marx and Engels mean by the last three sentences of The Communist Manifesto? (pg. 402) All workers are treated badly and they have nothing to lose. They must unite to for a better life
8. Why did people move to the cities in Europe? Factory jobs (urbanization)
9. What is the difference between white collar and blue collar jobs? White collars are usually bosses and don’t get their hands dirty. Blue collars get dirty and are usually the working class.
10. Most women that had jobs were not ______________. Married, married women stayed in the home
11. After what event do most women in the West get the right to vote? World War I, because they proved themselves by working in the war and men’s factory jobs
12. What does universal, compulsory education mean? Everyone has to go to school Universal = everyone Compulsory = required
13. What happened on Bloody Sunday? Who was involved? Where did it happen? Protestors go to Czar Nicholas’s palace. He has them murdered on his porch in capital of St. Petersburg.
14. What was the US’s first colony? What other lands did it take over? Samoa is the first. Also Hawaii, Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
15. How did the US’s expansion make it an empire? An empire is when you own lands outside your border, so when US got Samoa, it was an empire.
16. What was Einstein’s theory of relativity about? Space and time are relative to the observer, not concrete. E=mc2 Energy = Mass x speed of light (squared)
17. Who came up with Social Darwinism? What is Social Darwinism? Herbert Spencer/ Survival of the fittest applied to people
14.1 Imperialism
1. List three reasons the Qing dynasty declined. Corruption in gov Rebellions (Boxer and Taiping) Pressure from West Food shortage
2. What happened in the Opium Wars? Who won? What were the results? ENG used IND to grow opium (drug). Sold it to CHN b/c CHN wouldn't buy anything from ENG. Wanted CHN silver. CHN gov says no, loses wars w/ ENG.
3. What are three things that come from the treaty of Nanjing? Treaty = to end Opium Wars ENG gets money, control of 5 port cities (including HK), extraterritoriality
4. Why did the Tai Ping Rebellion happen? What kind of country did they want? Peasants rose up for land and food. Led by Hong Xiuquan (Jesus’ lil’ brother). Wanted a Free, Christian communist country.
5. How many people died in the Tai Ping Rebellion? How long did it last? 20 million over 14 years. Only ended when West stepped in. West got even more influence by helping.
6. What were the 100 Days of Reform? How was it stopped? Started by Guang Xu to make CHN more modern. Free press, western schools, modern factories. Stopped by aunt, put him in jail.
7. What was the Open Door Policy? Who started it? Opened and protected West’s right to trade in China? Started by John Hay (MURICA)
8. Who were the boxers in the Boxer Rebellion? What did they do? How were they stopped? “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists”. Buddhists monks/boxers who hated foreigners. = killed them (roaming the countryside) Took 5 countries to stop them
9. What problem did Sun Yat-Sen and the nationalists have with foreigners in China? Thought CHN was too good to interact w/ foreigners, especially to lose to them. Saw Qing as weak.
10. After Sun puts Yuan in control of China, what happens? How does Sun try to fix it? Where does Sun end up? Sun flees to Japan. Ppl take control of CHN.
11. How did Western culture impact China after 1900? Relate the idea of individual with the idea of family. CHN became more independent, modern. Less family-centered. More rights for women, self-chosen marriages.
12. What were two reasons Perry went to Japan for the first time? To open trade between JPN and US. B/c US sailors were mistreated by JPN after they wrecked.
13. What was the Meiji Restoration? MAY-GEE. JPN start of Industrial Revolution. Started by Perry.
14. What constitution was the first Japanese constitution modeled after? Germany’s
15. During the Meiji Restoration, how did Japan’s education, military and women’s rights policies change? Education = modern and universal Military = stronger and moderner Women = more rights
16. When Japan starts to imperialize, what areas does it take? All of Korea, parts of Russia, China and Mongolia
17. What was the Gentlemen’s Agreement? US agreed with JPN to stop JPN immigration to US
14.2 Imperialism
1. Give three reasons for European countries starting to imperialize. Resources like rubber, oil, silk Market to sell stuff they made Growth of power and control (EUR was competing w/ each other)
2. What was the “White Man’s Burden”? Poem. It is the job of the whites to civilize and Christianize non-white savages.
3. How was Social Darwinism used to justify slavery and imperialism? If natives are not civilized, they need to be ruled. It’s just “how it is”.
4. Which two countries fought over Vietnam? Who won? France v. England. France wins (call it French Indochina)
5. What countries made up French Indochina? Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
6. What is the only country that stayed independent in Southeast Asia? How did it stay free? Thailand – 2 kings Mongkut and Chulalongkorn negotiated w/ FR and ENG to stay free and become a buffer zone
7. How did the US get the Philippines? Won it from Spain in Spanish American War.
8. How were plantations in Southeast Asia similar to plantations in America? Work was done by slaves.
9. Why did England want the Suez Canal to be built? For a shorter boat ride to Asia.
10. Which country and leader were the first to colonize Central Africa? King Leopold II, Belgium Brutally treated the natives. Murders, hands cut off, hobbling
11. What do the Berlin Conference and a pie have in common? Everyone gets a slice. “Berlin Pizza”
12. Who were the Boers? What happened in the Boer War? From the Netherlands. Settled South Africa in 1600s. 1800s, Boers find diamonds, ENG comes, wars, takes over, push Boers north.
13. Which English guy took over South Africa? What did he rename it? How did he get so rich? Cecil Rhodes. Rhodesia. Diamonds (forced natives to mine them as slaves) (blood diamonds)
14. What are the only two countries in Africa that stay independent during African colonization? Liberia b/c US set it up for freed slaves from Civil War Ethiopia – beat back the Italians with sticks and stones
15. What happened in the Sepoy Mutiny? How did it change England’s rule in India? Sepoys are Indian soldiers protecting English Viceroys (Governors) in India. The Sepoys are treated bad. There is a rumor that they are using bullets greased in cow and pig fat. They revolt, kill many, but are defeated and ENG takes control of all of IND
16. What was the first free country in Latin America and the first successful slave revolt in history? Haiti. Overthrew French b/c Nappy was screwing up Europe and not paying attention.
17. How did Napoleon’s actions in Europe affect revolutions in Latin America? (p. 454) Focused on Europe, doesn’t send enough troops to hold back revs.
18. Who is the father of Mexican independence? What did he do? Father Hidalgo. Cried out for Independence. Started revolution, killed by SPN (martyred)
21. Who helps Panama build its canal? How do they talk Panama into it? How long did Panama keep it? US helps Panama build canal in exchange for US helping Panama break free from Columbia. 100 years.
Created by: rockcastle