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Nature and Perspectives from Barrons
|Caused or produced by humans
|Position on Earth’s surface using the coordinate system of longitude (that runs from North to South Pole) and latitude (that runs parallel to the equator).
|Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features
|homogenous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or mare distinctive characteristics. The shared feature could be a cultural value such as a common language, or an environmental climate.
|Area organized around a node or focal point (diminishes in importance outward). This region is tied to the central point by transportation or communication systems or by economic or functional associations.
|a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity. Such regions emerge from an informal sense of place. (Often identified using a mental map). Examples: Bible belt, sun belt, rust bel
|a person’s idea or image of a place
|region from which cultural ideas originate (diffusion - the spreading of ideas from one area to another) Example: Fertile Crescent
|built environment): Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. This is the essence of how humans interact with nature.
|The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
|The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another.
|Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
|A near equal exchange of culture traits or customs
|Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture
|A old approach to geography that argued that laws could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was how the physical environment caused human activities
|The physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment (vs Determinism)
|The geographic study of the multiple interactions of human-environmental relationships
|Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
|collection of computer hardware and software permitting spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, used, and displayed.
|Global Positioning System (GPS)
|satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places
|method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g., satellites) that are physically distant from the area or object of study
|described in terms of its quality - informal or relative characteristics such as culture, language, religion
|precisely describes data using numbers and measures (population, political, economic)
|directions from a central point are preserved; usually these projections also have radial symmetry
|straight meridians and parallels that intersect at right angles, used for marine navigation