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Vocab:Nature

Nature and Perspectives from Barrons

TermDefinition
Anthropogenic Caused or produced by humans
Absolute location Position on Earth’s surface using the coordinate system of longitude (that runs from North to South Pole) and latitude (that runs parallel to the equator).
Relative location Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features
Formal Region homogenous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or mare distinctive characteristics. The shared feature could be a cultural value such as a common language, or an environmental climate.
Functional Region Area organized around a node or focal point (diminishes in importance outward). This region is tied to the central point by transportation or communication systems or by economic or functional associations.
Perceptual Region a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity. Such regions emerge from an informal sense of place. (Often identified using a mental map). Examples: Bible belt, sun belt, rust bel
Environmental perception a person’s idea or image of a place
Culture hearth region from which cultural ideas originate (diffusion - the spreading of ideas from one area to another) Example: Fertile Crescent
Cultural landscape built environment): Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. This is the essence of how humans interact with nature.
Cultural diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Relocation diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another.
Acculturation Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
Transculturation A near equal exchange of culture traits or customs
Assimilation Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture
Environmental determinism A old approach to geography that argued that laws could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was how the physical environment caused human activities
Possibilism The physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment (vs Determinism)
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of the multiple interactions of human-environmental relationships
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) collection of computer hardware and software permitting spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, used, and displayed.
Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places
Remote sensing method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g., satellites) that are physically distant from the area or object of study
Qualitative data described in terms of its quality - informal or relative characteristics such as culture, language, religion
Quantitative data precisely describes data using numbers and measures (population, political, economic)
Azimuthal directions from a central point are preserved; usually these projections also have radial symmetry
Mercator straight meridians and parallels that intersect at right angles, used for marine navigation
Created by: Perthenia