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AP GEO Kaplan CH 9

Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Kaplan Ch 9 Cities and Urban Dev.

Bid Rent Theory Suggests that because the closer to the central business district, the higher the value of the land, that only commercial enterprises can afford the land within the central business district.s
Central Business District (CBD) The commercial center or downtown region of an urban area.
Cities Areas with a high population density that can include tens of thousands of people.
Concentric zone model Devleoped by Robert Park, Ernest Burgess, and Roderick McKenzie in the 1920s, this model suggests that the social structure extends outwards from the central business district, meaning that the lower classes live closer to the city center, while the upper
Decentralization The distribution of authority from a central figure or point to other sectors in the city.
Entrepots Cities that reexport goods that are brought into their borders, sending items to all areas of the globe. Being entrepots has brought tremendous wealth to areas such as Hong Kong and Singapore.
Gentrification The process of wealthy people moving into inner-city neighborhoods.
Greenbelts Rural areas that are set aside to prevent cities from extending too far outwards. Greenbelts also prevent cities that are near each other from merging together.
Hamlets The smallest of urban settlements with a counted population.
Hinterland The market area where a product, urban area, or commercial outlet has influence.
Megacities Cities with over 10 million people located within their metropolitan area and which have a huge sphere of influence over their surrounding areas.
Metropolitan areas Areas with over 50,000 people.
Multiplier effect The principle that development spurs more development.
Peak land value intersection The area with the greatest land value and commercial trade, usually located in the CBD.
Postindustrial cities Cities that specialize in the technology of a specific, more-specialized economic industry through a process of deindustrialization.
Range The maximum distance that people are willing to travel to purchase a product or partake in a service, often depending on the particular product.
Rank-size rule The principle that relates cities’ relative population sizes to their rank within a country.
Suburbs Areas surrounding cities, generally consisting of residential districts but also possible including numerous commercial and event industrial activities within their borders.
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to meet the needs of the industry.
Town An urban entity with a defined boundary but which is smaller than a city in terms of population and area.
Unincorporated areas Areas that were once considered urban areas, even though only two or three families live there today.
Urban growth rates The speed at which individual cities increase their population.
Urban heat island effect The heat that cities generate as a result of having many buildings and few trees or other vegetation.
Urban hydrology How a city deals with getting clean water to its citizens, removing dirty water and cleaning it, and then putting it back into the world’s rivers and oceans.
Urban sprawl The expansion of a city and its suburbs across surrounding rural lands.
Urbanization The process by which people live and are employed in a city.
Urbanized population The people living in the world’s cities; currently, more people than ever live in cities, partially because of the increased efficiency of agriculture.
Villages Areas that are larger than hamlets and offer more services.
Zone in transition The area, located outside of the central business district, usually contains the slums.
Zoning A system of land-use regulation whereby cities determine where each type of economic enterprise – residential, commercial, and industrial – can be located.
Created by: flordaman
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