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Lecture 23, 25, & 27

World Civ II Final Review

China Transformed into the largest Marxist state on Earth Entered into formal alliance with SU in 1949
Mao: Instituted agricultural collectivization, just like the SU, millions killed or starved in the process Took land from large landowners and gave to peasants Primary goal was to keep the peasants happy
1965: Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Goal: rid Ch people of their reverence for tradition, create perpetual revolutions Govt encouraged upheaval and challenging all traditional authority
Mao’s death in 1976 Govt immediately ended Cultural Rev, replaced by Deng Xiaoping
India Indira Gandhi: first Asian female prime minister, assassinated by Sikh extremists in 1984 Worked at becoming a strong democracy while encouraging industrialization and free enterprise
Vietnam War began in 1954 as a nationalist rebellion against the French
Several international factors led to Af decolonization Self-determination, the UN, A opposition to colonialism, the international labor movement, and the Asian independence movements
1980s saw African problems mount Not enough food, crippling droughts, civil wars, lessening foreign aid, overpopulation with no end in sight, and the beginning of the AIDS epidemic
Population bomb As too many people are born, the land cannot sustain them
Positive changes in Af Democracy growing, transition from cash to food crops, women given more rights, better foreign investment
Worldwide depression of 1930s Most Latin A countries stop pursuing exports so aggressively and focused on building stronger internal markets, extending their growing nationalist spirit to economics
A and Its Relationship with LA 1. A intervened at will in LA 2. Huge sums of A capital poured into LA, 3. Many LA resented A influence and intervention and desired greater autonomy 4. FDR’s Good Neighbor Policy: treating LA countries as sovereign nations and global partners
Current Problems Overpopulation, harsh western loans to LA, disproportionate wealth scale, weak rule of law
Palestine region around Jerusalem west of Jordan, south of Syria and bordering the Mediterranean Sea
Zionism Political movement supporting the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine
Balfour Declaration 1917 Hoping to attract Jewish support in WWI, B agreed to support a Jewish national homeland in Palestine
United Nations Partition Plan, Nov 1947 After WWII ended, many of the surviving European Jews moved to Palestine
May 14, 1948 As soon as the B withdrew, Zionist leaders declared the creation of Israel
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Created in 1964, its only goal was the destruction of Israel
Yom Kipper War and the Oil Embargo in Oct 1973 fourth of the six conflicts 1. Surprise attack on Israel, Arab countries withheld oil shipments to all Western nations supporting Israel, including the US 2. Oil prices quadrupled, sending the world into an energy and economic crisis
Yalta Agreement, 1945 R would allow free national elections as soon as conditions permitted`
SU began regressing By early 1980s, became a Third World power with a First World military
SU’s Last Days Mikhail Gorbachev took power in 1985
Reforms perestroika (restructuring), glasnost (openness), allowed election of other parties
Ronald Reagan Defense spending: greatly increased military budget Goal: convince Soviets that there was no way they could keep up with A militarily
Revolution of 1989 Satellite countries separated as Gorbachev showed that he wasn’t going to keep them under com control by force
SU: by 1950 1. Not enough housing or basic consumer goods 2. Govt forced to pay for constant propaganda encouraging the importance of “sacrificing” 3. Forced industrialization, severely limited personal rights
Created by: ginganinjaem