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Lecture 16 & 17

World Civ II Final Review

QuestionAnswer
Why did the Western World see a huge increase in political participation? Due to giving women the franchise
What were political parties forced to represent? A mulititude of views and property no longer determined political affliation
Great Depression 1930s Many thought capitalism had failed, communist parties appeared across the West.
Totalitarianism Imposing total control over public life and serious intervention into provate lives of a society
Fascism State control of economy, no free market, govt owns majority of stock in major companies
5 Facets 1. Hybrid of Socialism 2. Ultra-nationalism 3. Cult of the national leader 4. Expansion 5. Racism
The new Germany govt was forced to accept what? Treaty of Vversailles: the people never forgave them for this
Weimar Republic Created by 1919 liberal constitution, people never saw it as legitimate
War Repartions Most hated part of the treaty, G forced to bear full responsibiliity for WWI
Adolf Hitler AU, Born in 1889, only child
Mein Kampf 5 main ideas 1. Hatred of Jews 2. Rejection of Versailles Treaty 3. Lessening war profiteering 4. Protecting middle classes 5. Land redistribution
What did Nazism depend on? Depended on hatred of the Jews and Versailles Treaty and a strong G nationalism to succeed
1942-1945 4th stage of Holocaust: Final Solution (extermination of the Jews in death camps) 6 million put to death
Communism Fuller expression of socialism where there is no private property or capitlism, totalitarian, the community owns everything collectively, no classes or parties: the entire community is "equal"
5 Problems of Communism 1. Someone has to be in charge 2. No ind rights 3. No innovation or creation of wealth 4. Massive bureaucracy required to control everything 5. Existence of any non-Com nation prevented the nation from achieving utopia
R Marxists us what to overthrow govt and install USSR Problems caused by WWI
Vladimir Linin Beginning of com threat to the West, total war destablized R impearial govt
Bolsheviks Played on the R people's war weariness
Soviets Councils of workers in each area of R, helping lead the govt
October Rev, 1917 Bolsheviks seized control of the govt, peasents seized lands from nobles and the chruch Dec- govt took control of major business & all areas of economy
New Economic Policy State control of all major companies, private control of small businesses.
Political Parties banned In 1992
Josef Stalin Became dicator of the entire Soviet Union in 1932.
First Five Year Plan Began agricultural collectivization and rapid industrailzation. Goal: Govt control of ag, inclusion of all peasantry into the Communist Party.
Overview of SU Good: Mass edu, no starvation, jobs for men & women Bad: No political freedoms, no jury trials, religious persection, low standard of living
New China Movement Reform movent, said Confucius would've encouraged change, adaption
Chiang Kai-shek Ended civil war in 1926, restored order to China, decided to eliminate Ch communism
Mao Zedong Communist leader, grew support by emphasizing social justice, lower interest rates, fair distribuion of land. Depended on peasant army for revolution, com local govt treated people much better than the democratic KMT
October 1949 Com in control of all of Ch, KMT sought refuge on island of Taiwan
Japan Decided to modernize or face permanent subjegation
Meiji Restoration 1867, J leaders overthrew the shogun govt & resotred the empereor to power; began systematiclly reforming all areas of J culture based on West
Shinto Faith Which revered the Emperor as a god
J Military Infulence Grew during the 1920-30s. 1931: J military invaded & captured Manchuria 1940: Tripartite Pact, alliance with G, I
Created by: ginganinjaem