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Chapter 15 Med Term

Chapter 15 Muskuloskeletal System

acetabulum hip socket
acromion outward extension of the shoulder blade
calcaneus heel bone
calcium one of the mineral constituents of bone
cancellous bone spongy bone tissue
cartilage flexible, connective tissue
cervical vertebrae backbones in the neck
chondrocostal pertaining to rib cartilage
clavicle collar bone
coccyx tailbone
collagen connective tissue
Colles fracture fracture of the wrist
comminuted fracture splintered, crushed bone
compact bone hard, dense bone tissue
condyle knuckle process
cranial bones skull bones
craniotome instrument to cut skull
craniotomy incision into skull
crepitus crackling sound
decalicification removal of calcium in bones
diaphysis shaft long bone
epiphyseal plate growth plate
epiphysis end of long bone
ethmoid bone cranial skull bone within the nasal cavity
Ewing sarcoma malignant bone tumor
exostosis bone spurr growing out
facial bones bones of the face
femoral pertaining to the femur
femur thigh bone
fibula lower leg; smaller
fibular pertaining to the lower leg bone
fissure slit
fontanelle soft spot
foramen opening
fossa depression; shallow cavity
frontal bone forehead
haversian canals canals in bone blood vessels
humeral pertaining to the humerus
humerus upper arm bone
hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
iliac pertaining to the ilium
ilium flaring hip bone
impacted fracture one fragment impacted
ischial pertaining to the ischium
ischium part of the hip bone (posterior part of the pelvic bone)
kyphosis abnormal condition of posterior curvature in the thoracic region
lacrimal bones two small, thin bones located at the corner of each eye
lamina part of the vertebral arch
laminectomy removal of lamina
lordosis abnormal condition of anterior curvature in the lumbar region
lumbar vertebrae third set of five vertebral bones in the lumbar
lumbosacral pertaining to the lumbar and sacrum
malleolar pertaining to the malleolus
mandible lower jaw bone
mandibular pertaining to the mandible
manubrium upper portion of the sternum
mastoid process round projection of the temporal bone behind the ear
medullary cavity central hollowed-out area in the shaft of the long bone
metacarpals hand bones
metacarpectomy removal of hand bones
metaphysis flared portion of the long bone between diaphysis and epiphyseal plate
metatarsalgi pain in the foot bones
metatarsals foot bones
myelopoiesis formation of bone marrow
nasal bones two slender bones that support the bridge of the nose
occipital bone back and base of the skull
olecranon elbow
orthopedics straightening bone
osseous tissue bony tissue
ossification forming bone
osteitis inflammation of the bone
osteoblast immature bone cell
osteoclast breaking down bone tissue
osteodystrophy poor development of bone
osteogenesis imperfecta bones are brittle and fragile
osteogenic sarcoma malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia softening of bones
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
osteopenia bone mineral density is lower than normal
osteoporosis abnormal increase in porosity
osteotome instrument to cut bone
parietal bones bones that form the roof and upper part of the sides of the cranium
patella kneecap
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvis
periosteum membrane that lines bones
peroneal pertaining to the fibula
phalangeal pertaining to the phalanges
phalanges fingers and toe bones
phosphorus mineral found in bones (along with calcium)
pubic symphysis joint in the front of hips; joins hip bones together
pubis anterior part of the pelvic bone
radial pertaining to the radius
radius forearm bone- thumb side
red bone marrow found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
reduction restoration of bones to its normal position
ribs 12 pairs of curved bones that form the chest wall
sacral vertebrae five separate bones that fuse in a young child
scapula shoulder blade
scapular pertaining to the scapula
scoliosis lateral curve of the spine
sella turcica depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
sinus hollow air cavity of the bone
sphenoid bone cranial bone behind the eyes
spondylolisthesis forward slipping of the backbone
spondylosis abnormal condition of the backbones
sternum breast bone
styloid process pole-like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull
subcostal pertaining to below the ribs
supraclavicular pertaining to above the collar bones
suture immovable joint between bones, such as the skull
talipes club foot
tarsals bones of the hindfoot (ankle bones)
tarsectomy removal of the tarsals (ankle bones)
temporal bones form lower sides and the base of the cranium
temporomandibular joint connection on either side of the head between the temporal bone and mandibular bone
thoracic vertebrae second set of 12 vertebrae
tibia shin bone
tibial pertaining to the tibia
trabeculae supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone
trochanter large bump below the neck of the femur
tubercle rounded small process on bone
tuberosity rounded process on bone
ulna forearm bone- little finger side
ulnar pertaining to the ulna
vertebra; vertebrae 33 bones that form the spinal column
vertebroplasty surgical repair of the backbones
vomer forms lower portion of the nasal septum
xiphoid process tip (end) sternum
yellow bone marrow fat
zygomatic bones form the high portion of the cheeks
articular cartilage cartilage in joint
Created by: kgates70