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Chap. 12 APHG

AP Human Geography Chapter 12 Study Guide - Services

QuestionAnswer
The area of the city where the retail and office activities are clustered is the what? Central Business District (CBD)
Retail activities which tend to concentrate in the CBD include those which have what for office workers? Service
The CBD attracts offices primarily because of its what? High accesibility
Land values are high in the CBD primarily because of what? Competition for limited sites due to accesibility
As a result of high land costs, the American CBD is characterized by construction of what? Skyscrapers
What activity tends to locate on the street-level floor of a sky-scraper in a typical North American CBD? Walk-in trade (retail)
European CBDs are similar to those in North America because they both contain what? Retail and office activities
A land use typically excluded from a North American CBD is what? Industrial
Public transportation is better suited for commuting to the CBD primarily because of what? Each traveler takes up less space
Because so few people live in the CBD, urban areas are characterized by a high degree of what? Commuting
What is not a cultural reason for establishing a settlement? Home for women and children
The most important religious reason for the origin of settlements was a place to do what? Bury the dead
The most important political reason for the origin of settlements was a place to do what? Protect the group's assets
Economic reasons for settlements include what? Warehousing, trading, and agriculture
Residents of rural settlements are more likely than residents of urban settlements to work in what? Agriculture
Rural settlements differ from urban settlements primarily according to which type of activity? Economic
A place where farm buildings, homes, and churches are found close together is what kind of settlement? Clustered rural
Most people in the world live in what type of settlement? Clustered rural
The French long-lot system was developed primarily because of what? Need for river access
The most significant impact on the rural landscape of Great Britain's enclosure movement was what? Dispersed pattern
The most significant anticipated benefit of the enclosure movement was to what? Have greater agricultural efficiency
Clustered rural settlements were most common in which region of colonial America? New England
The plantation was a common form of rural settlement in which region of colonial America? Southeast
The fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD brought about what change in rural settlements? Reduction in urban population
The typical medieval European urban settlements were characterized by what? The placement of buildings around a central market square
The city-state is an example of a state dominated by what? Its major city
Banking is an example of what kind of service? Producer services
Producer services provide what kind of services? To help people conduct other business
The area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted is what? Hinterland/Market area
The maximum distance people are willing to travel for a service is called what? Range
The minimum number of people needed to support a service is what? Threshold
In a linear community, the best location for a service is where? Median
According to the gravity model, the potential use of a service at a location is related directly to what and inversely to what? Population; distance
The geometric pattern which geographers use to represent market areas is what? Hexagon
Larger settlements are what numerous and what apart than smaller ones? Less; farther
If a country follows the rank-size rule if the largest city has 1,000,000 inhabitants, how many people live in the fifth largest city? 200,000
If a country's largest city has 1,000,000 inhabitants and the second largest city has 200,000 inhabitants, the country follows what distribution? Primate city
Why is the absence of a rank-size distribution significant in a country like Romania? Not all consumers can access goods and services
A market area is a good example of what kind of region? Functional
A firm that sells its products primarily to consumers outside its settlement is what? A basic industry
Created by: reneslacis