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The Crusades52

Christians, Muslims, and Jews all claimed ________ as thier religious capital. Jerusalem
TO CHRISTIANS: It is where Jesus was crucified and was ascended into heaven
To Muslims: Where Mohammed ascended to heaven
To Jews: Site of ancient temple built by Solomon
In what year did Muslims take over? 600
Did the muslims let others in? yes
The problem? Around 1095 Seljuk Turks took over and banned jews and christians
Solution? Pope Urban II called for a crusade to take Jerusalem back.
How many soldiers were in the first? About 30,000
Why did so many people sign up? For knights, they needed something to use thier skills on. For peasants, it was a way to escape their life, and the Pope said that if they died they got a straight to heaven
Crusade Sign? Red Cross, fighting for a holy cause
Results: The crusaders won, and cultures were exchanged along the way.
Aftermath? 50 years later Arabs took over again
2nd Crusade: 1147-1149 Fail
3rd: 1189-1192 Fail
4th: 1202-1204 Attacked Constantinople; Fail
The Children's Crusaed 1212 Tragedy; kids were told to march to red sea, and that it would open up and by their innocence, they would succeed. When they arrived, the sea did not part, and some of the kids froze to death, the rest were sent into slavery
The next 70 years:5th-8th Crusades For personal gain
5th's prize: 1217-1221 Egypt
6th's:1228 Jerusalem
7th's: 1248-1254 Egypt and Jerusalem
8th's: 1270-1291 Bay of Tunis Holy Land
When the crusades stopped, did western Europe admit defeat? No, they just stopped sending crusades.
Created by: Scarecrow52



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