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unit 7

Agglomeration a built up area consisting of central city and its surrounding suburbs
barriadas a neighborhood, usually a slum or lower class
bid-rent theory explains that the price/demand for land increases closer to the CBD (explains the concentric zone model and why different levels of development are located at certain distances from the central city)
blockbusting the process of white families selling their homes because of fears that blacks would move in and lower the property value
CBD stands for central business district, location of skyscrapers and companies
census tract – these are govt. designated areas in cities that each have ~5,000 people, they often times correspond to neighborhoods (data in census tracts is used to analyze urban patterns such as gentrification or white flight)
centrality the strength of dominance of an urban center over its surrounding area, larger than the MSA or agglomeration
centralization the movement of people, capital, services, and govt. into the central city
christaller, walter – he created the Central Place Theory, which explains how services are distributed and why there are distinct patterns in this distribution
city centralized area with a mayor and local government, usually bigger than a town (cities started in the Greek/Roman times, more and more people live in cities, especially in LDC’s)
cityscapes similar to a landscape, yet of a city
colonial city cities founded by colonial powers, such as Mexico City by the Spanish
commercialization the process of the increasing importance of business
concentric zone model created by E.W. Burgess, city grows outwards from a central area
counterurbaniation a net migration from urban to rural areas
decentrialization the process of dispersing decision-making outwards from the center of authority
deindustrialization process of social and economic change caused by removal of industry
early cities Cities of the ancient world
economic base communities collection of basic industry
edge city a new concentration of business in suburban areas consisting of suburbs
emerging cities city currently without much population but increasing in size at a fast rate
employment structure graph showing how primary, secondary, and tertiary sector jobs are separated.
entrepot trading center where goods are exported and imported without cost
ethnic neighborhood a neighborhood with distinctive ethnic composition
favela a shantytown or slum, especially in brazil
female-headed household a household dominated by a woman
festival landscape a landscape of cultural festivities
gateway city a settlement which acts as a link between two areas
gender a persons sex
gentrification process in which low cost neighborhoods are renovated by middle class to increase property values
ghetto a usually poor section of a city inhabited primarily by people of the same race, religion, or social background
globalization development of worldwide patterns of economic relationships
Created by: asdfgheidyjkl