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Bonewit Chapter 15

Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory

Automated method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer.
Fasting Abstaining from food or fluids (except water) for a specified amount of time before the collection of a specimen.
Homeostasis The state in which body systems are functioning normally, and the internal environment of the body is in equilibrium; the body is in a healthy state.
In vivo Occurring in the living body or organism.
Laboratory test The clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids, or tissues obtained from patients to assist in Dx and Tx of disease.
Manual method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed by hand.
Normal range A certain established and acceptable parameter or reference range which the lab test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall.
Plasma The liquid part of the blood, consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approx 55% of the total blood volume.
Profile Numerous lab tests providing related or complementary information used to determine the health status of a pt.
Quality control The application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated.
Routine test A lab test performed routinely on apparently healthy pts to assist in the early detection of disease.
Serum The clear, straw colored part of the blood (plasma) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it.
Specimen A small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole.
Created by: hannahbirt