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Meso and Egypt Test

Study Stack for test over Mesopotamia and Egypt

QuestionAnswer
On which continent was Mesopotamia located? Asia
Why did civilizations begin in the Fertile Crescent? The rivers supplied the settlers with fertile farmland
What is polytheism? Belief in many gods
What is a theocracy? A government that is heavily influenced by religion
What does "prehistory" mean? The time before written history
What is the difference between a city-state and an empire? City-state is a single city with its own independent government; an empire is a large region of many cities with a single powerful ruler
Why were rivers an important part of the economies of the ancient world, including Mesopotamia? Rivers were the "freeways," making it easier to trade and build wealth
What were some pros of Hammurabi's Code of Laws? Pros: The laws were fair, applied to everyone, were written down, and gave some rights to women and slaves
What were some cons of Hammurabi's Code of Laws? Cons: The punishments could be harsh, it didn't matter whether you broke a law on purpose or by accident, punishments were not always equal depending on how "important" people were
How is Hammurabi's Code of Laws similar to our system of justice today? Laws are written down, apply to everyone, seek to be fair, provide trials of some kind, and help prevent crime and keep people safe
How is Hammurabi's Code of Laws different from our system of justice today? Our punishments are not as harsh, we use trial by jury rather than trial by ordeal, people can appeal convictions
What does the word "Mesopotamia" mean? "the land between the rivers"
Which two rivers surround Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
What were some of the important inventions/achievements from the Mesopotamians? wheel, plow, irrigation systems, writing, time/calendar
Who belonged to the upper class of Mesopotamia? kings, priests, warriors
Who belonged to the middle class of Mesopotamia? artisans, merchants, farmers
Who belonged to the lower class of Mesopotamia? slaves, people captured in war
Created by: lisalunn