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phleb def 1-45

hcts phlebotomy 1-45 definitions

TermDefinition
accessioning numerical ordering system that assigns a unique number for patients i.d
aerobic requires oxygen to survive
agglutination process of clumping together
agranulocyte a white blood corpuscle void of granuoles in its cytoplasm
albumin most plentiful protein in plasma
allergy sensitivity to various environmental factors
aliquot portion of blood sample that has been removed/separated from the primary specimen
anaerobic survives without air
analyte any matter or compound which is being studied in the lab
anastomosis point at which two hollow of tubular structures unify (connection point of veins or arteries)
anemia without RBC; condition indicating the normal number of RBC's is reduced
aneurysm localized weakness in walls of blood vessels, usually arteries, indicated by abnormal dilation for the blood vessel wall
angelogy the science; or the study of blood vessels and lymphatic
antecubital fossa area around elbow; most common site to perform venipuncture
antibacterial will destroy or suppress the reproduction of bacteria
antibiotic will destroy or weaken bacteria
antibody protein produced in plasma cells in lymph tissue of the lymphatic system; these proteins react with and neutralize foregin substances
anticoagulant an additive (chemical) that prevents blood clotting
antigen foreign protein introduced into the body which cause antibodies to be produced
antimicrobial will destroy or suppress the reproduction of microbes
aorta largest artery in the body
apathy lack of feeling or emotion
apnea temporary halting of breathing
arteriole small branch of an artery that leads into a capillary
arteriosclerosis hardening of the artery
artery blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood away from the heart; can feel a pulse
asepsis sterile conditions
aseptic free of microorganisms capable of causing infection or contamination
atria upper receivers chambers of the heart
autologous donation donation of a patients own blood for use at a later time
autoregulatory blood flow blood flow controlled by tissue needs
bacteria single celled organism, microscopic
bacteriology study of bacteria
bacteriostatic that which inhibits or retards bacterial growth
basal state state in which the person has not eaten for 12 hrs and has been in a state of total comfort and rest without exerting any body systems
basilica vein vein found on the little finger side of the arm; inner side of upper arms
basophils leukocyte that stains dark blue
bevel slanted surface at the end point of needle
blood culture blood test to determine presence of bacterial organisms
bone marrow where most blood cells are formed
brachial artery artery lying beneath the basilica vein in the arm
buffy coat thin layer of WBC's and platelets which form between the liquid and the RBC layer in a tube
capillary smallest blood vessel link arterioles and venules; where exchange of gases occur
carcinoma cancerous growth or malignant tumor occurring in epithelial tissues
cardiology study of the heart
Created by: skylardesiray