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Chp. 10 Vocab WB

QuestionAnswer
Argibusiness commericial agriculture characterized by the integration of diffrent steps in the food-processing business industry
Agriculture the deliberate effort to modifiy a portion of Earth through the cultivation of crops and rasing livestock for economic growth or sustenance
Cereal Grain a grass yeilding grain for food
Chaff husks of grain seprated from the seed by thresing
Combine a machine that reaps threashes and cleans grain while moving over a field
Commerical Agriclture agricultre undertaken primarly to generate products for sale off the farm
Crop grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a season
Crop Roation the practice of roationing use of diffrent fields from crop to crop to avoid exausting of soil
desertification degradation of land primarily because of human actions like excesive crop planting
Double Cropping harvesting twice a year from the same field
Grain seed of ceral grain
Green Revolution rapid diffusion of new agriculture technology
Horticulture the growing fruits, vegtables and flowers
Hull the outer covering of a seed
Intensive subsistence agriculture a form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must put a large amount of effort to producethe maxium
Milkshed The area surronding a city from which milk is supplied
Paddy word for wet rice
Pastrol Nomadism a from of subsistence based on herding animals
Pasture grass or other plants grown for grazing animals m
Plantation a large farm in tropical climates that specilizes in the production of one or two crops for MDC
Prime Agriculture land the most productive farmland
Ranching a form of commerical agriculture with livestock
reaper A machine that cuts cereal grain standing in the field
Ridge tillage system of planting crops ridge tops in order to reduce farm production cost and promote greater soil conservation
Sawah A flooded field for growing rice
Shifiting Cultivation a form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another each field is used for ahort time and left empty for a long time
Slash- and burn agriculture another name for shifiting so named because fields are cleared by slashing vegatation
spring wheat wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the summer
substience agriculture agriculture made for themseleves
sustainable agriculture farming methods that perform a long term production of land and minamize pollution
Swidden a patch of land cleared for planting through slash and burn
Thresh to beat out grain from stalks
transhumance the seasonal migration of livestock between livestock high and low
truck farming commerical gardening and fruit farming
wet rice rice planted on dryland then into a flooded plain
winnow to remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind
winter wheat wheat plannted in the autumn and harvested in the early summer
Created by: BB2424