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Phlebotomy

Week 8, Ch. 16

QuestionAnswer
What are the illicit drugs marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, abuse of prescription drugs
What are the gateway drugs alcohol, tobacco
What is the commonly used illict drug marijuana 76%
The states with the highest illict drug use are: Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
States with the lowest illicit drug use are: Utah, Idaho
How many people in 2002 over the age of 12 were drivin intoxicated? 11 million people
what % of pregnant women use nicotine and alcohol 25% use nicotine, 5-8% are at risk for alcohol related prenatal problems
how many newborns are exposed to illicit drugs annually 500,0000-750,000
how is phlebotomist involve? by proper ID of the donor and specimen, prevention of adulteration or substitution, tamper proofing the specimen, initiation and accountability for the chain of custody, accurate and comprehensive documentaion through out the process
forensic specimens include: anrectal or vaginal swabs, bones, blood, clothing, hair, nails and nails scrapings, salive,skin, semen, sweat, teeth, urine
where can we find DNA it is present in all cells and stays the same throughout life
the only people who have the same DNA are identical twins
What is chain of custody process for maintaining control and accountability of each specimen from the time it is collected to the time of disposal
What does chain of custody do it documents the identity of each individual that handles the specimen and each time a specimen and each time a specimen "changes hands"
Custody control form it indicates the specific ID of the subject, the individual that obtained the specimen,, date, time and location of collection of the specimen and the signature of the person documenting that what is in the container was obtained from the person identifie
collection of the urine for toxicology screening for federal employees temperature of the urine must be read and recorded within 4 mins and must be within 90-100 degrees. contaners must be sealed and restroom must have limited wter acess- toilet water is tinted blue to prevent tampering with specimen
Created by: kseniya