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Pharm chapter 14

Endocrine Drugs chapte 14

The primary thyroid hormone is called thyroxine AKA T3 and T4.
Thyroxine is necessary to regulate proper metabolism.
Metabolism is the rate at which the body burns energy.
Hyposecretion of thyroxine is called myxedema.
Medications used to treat myxedema are called "thyroid supplements".
"Thyroid supplements" include: 1. Thyrolar. 2. Synthroid AKA levothyroxine 3. Levoxyl
Levoxyl -class thyroid supplement
Synthroid AKA -class levothyroxine "thyroid supplement"
Thyrolar -class thyroid supplement
A synthetic "growth hormone (GH)" is Humatrope AKA somatropin
Humatrope AKA -class somatropin "growth hormone (GH)"
Pitressin AKA -class vasopressin "antidiuretic hormone (ADH)"
A synthetic "antidiuretic hormone (ADH)" is Pitressin AKA vasopressin
Corticosteroids are powerful SAIDs ( Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
SAIDs include: 1. cortisone. 2. Decadron AKA dexamethasone. 3. Cortef AKA hydrocortisone. 4. Medrol AKA methylprednisolone. 5. prednisone. 6. Aristocort. 7. Kenalog
Kenalog -class SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
Aristocort -class SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
prednisone -class SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
Medrol AKA methylprenisolone -class SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
Cortef AKA -class hydrocortisone SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
Decadron AKA -class dexamethasone SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
cortisone -class SAIDs (Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
Adverse effects of prolonged SAID use include: 1. HTN (hypertension/high blood pressure ) 2. Hypokalemia(deficient potassium(K) 3. Hypernatremia (excessive sodium) 4. Hyperglycemia (excessive blood sugar (BS)) 5. WT (weight) gain 6. Heart disease 7. Psychosis
Axiron (topical testosterone) not for women or anyone under 18, can transfer to others with direct contact
Axiron -class testosterone supplement
DM stands for Diabetes mellitus
DM is characterized by: 1. The pancreas produces insufficient amounts of insulin. 2. The cells of the body have difficulty utilizing (using) insulin AKA insulin resistance
The pancreas produces insufficient amounts of insulin
The cells of the body have difficulty utilizing (using) insulin AKA insulin resistance
Insulin is necessary for the body to metabolize glucose (sugar).
Glucose is the body’s primary source of energy
IDDM stands for (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) AKA type I DM or juvenile onset DM (diabetes mellitus).
IDDM requires (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) daily subcutaneous (sub Q or subcu) insulin injections.
Insulins include: 1. regular. 2. Humulin. 3. NPH. 4. Lantus. 5. Novolin. 6. Novolog
regular -class Insulin
Humulin -class Insulin
NPH -class Insulin
Lantus -class Insulin
Novolin -class Insulin
Novolog -class Insulin
The Novolog Flexpen is a prefilled (300 units {u}), dial-a-dose, disposable injection (1-60 units) device.
Insulin kept at a temperature between 36.0 F and 86.0 F can remain stable and potent for 28 days
Insulin intended for future use should be refrigerated between 36.0 F and 46.0 F
Insulin should not be put in the freezer
NIDDM stands for Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus AKA type II DM or adult(maturity) onset
NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is commonly treated with oral antidiabetic drugs.
Oral antidiabetic drugs stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin and/or assist cells in utilizing insulin produced to treat insulin resistance.
Oral antidiabetic medications include: 1. Diabinese. 2. Glucotrol AKA glipizide 3. DiaBeta or Micronase AKA glyburide. 4. Actos. 5. Orinase. 6. Januvia. 7. Glucovance. 8. Glucophage. 9. Onglyza.
Glucotrol AKA -class glipizide "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Diabinese -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Onglyza -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Glucophage -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Glucovance -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Januvia -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Orinase -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Orinase -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Actos -class "Oral antidiabetic medication"
DiaBeta or Micronase AKA -class glyburide "Oral antidiabetic medication"
Created by: pattiluv