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Unit 6 Vocab APHUGS

Unit 6 vocab for APHuG

TermDefinition
Agricultural labor force the number of people who work in agriculture
Calorie consumption a percentage of daily requirements important to the index of development. People in MDC's get more than enough while in LDC's like countries in africa they do'nt get the total daily percentage.
Core-periphery model describes patterns of distribution in MDC's and LDC's.
Cultural Convergence the change in culture due to the diffusion of ideas and technology increasing.
Dependency theory states that LDC's tend to have a higher dependsncy ratio.
Development the improvement of conditions of a place due to the diffusion of technology and knowledge.
Energy consumption an index of development, shows how much more a MDC consume energy per capita then an LDC.
Foreign direct investment investment into an LDC's economy by a transnational corporation based in an MDC.
Gender an important developmental factor. Used normally to shoe differences in equality, education, and pay between men and women.
Gross domestic product the total value of goods and services produced in a year by a country.
Gross national product similar to GDP but includes the income people make abroad.
Human Development Index an index of development that includes economy, geographic factors, GDP, literacy, education, and life expectancy.
Levels of development classification of countries into More Developed countries (MDC) or Less Developed Countries (LDC).
Measures of development used to distinguish MDC's from LDC's using GDP, literacy rate, life expectancy, caloric intake, etc.
Neocolonialism economic control that MDCs are sometimes believed to have over LDCs.
Physical Quality of Life index developmental index based on literacy rate, infant mortality,and life expectancy at age one.
Purchasing power parity index of income related to GDP.
W.W. Rostow developed the “Stages of Growth” model of economic development
Technology gap The difference in technologies used and/or developed in two companies, countries, ethnic groups, etc., where one is more advanced than the other.
Technology transfer process by which existing knowledge, facilities, or capabilities developed under federal research and development funding are utilized to fulfill public and private needs
Third World countries in the developing world independent of their political status (developing countries)
World Systems Theory refers to perspective that seeks to explain the dynamics of the “capitalist world economy” as a “total social system”
Bid rent theory refers to how the price and demand on land changes as the distance towards the CBD increases
Assembly line production/Fordism industrial arrangement of machines, equipment, and workers for continuous flow of work pieces in mass production operations, each movement of material is made as simple and short as possible
Air pollution concentration of trace substances at a greater level than occurs in average air, human causes include mainly motor vehicles, industry, and power plants
Agglomeration economies refers to benefits or advantages (savings, cost reductions, etc.) resulting from the spatial clustering of activities and/or people
Acid rain tiny droplets of sulfuric acid and nitric acid in the atmosphere that dissolve in water and return to Earth’s surface
“Stages of Growth” Model a theory of development that countries will go through structural change.
Aluminum industry U.S. companies are the largest single producer with plants in 35 states producing about $39.1 billion in products and exports. U.S. supply is comprised of three sources, primary, imports and recycled
Created by: amblanshan