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Nut: Metabolism

What is Metabolism network of chemical processes involved in maintaining life
Anabolic Pathway uses small, simple compounds
Catabolic Pathway breaks down compounds into smaller units
When are you in an anabolic state growth, wound healing, pregnancy
When are you in a catabolic state starvation
Cells use energy for... building compounds, contracting muscles, conducting nerve impulses, pumping ions
ATP is... Adenosine Triphosphate
How much ATP can the body hold 100g
Definition of oxidized gains oxygen, loses hydrogen
Definition of reduced loses oxygen, gains hydrogen
If a substance loses electrons it is.... oxidized
If a substance gains electrons it is... reduced
4 stages of aerobic cellular respiration Glycolysis, Transition reaction, citric acid cycle, electron transport chain
How many ATP come from aerobic respiration 30
How many ATP come from anaerobic respiration 2
Lipolysis breaking down of triglycerides into free fatty acids and glycerol
Carnitine carries fatty acids from the cytosol to the mitochondria
1 molecule of glucose makes 5 ATP
1 molecule of fat makes 7 ATP
Ketogenesis production of ketone bodies to protect muscles and organs
Lack of insulin causes carbs and fats to not be normally metabolized
Protein is metabolized in the Liver
Gluconeogenesis makes glucose form certain amino acids
Deamination lose amine group from amino acid
Ketogenic amino acid form acetyl-CoA
Glyycogenic amino acid forms pyruvate
Main pathway for alcohol metabolism ADH
Functions of the liver fat synthesis, production of ketone bodies, amino acid metabolism, urea production, nutrient storage
High ATP concentrations promote Anabolic reactions
High ADP concentrations promote Catabolic reactions
Enzymes, hormones, vitamins, and minerals are produced based on... demand
hormones regulate metabolic processes
Vitamins needed for metabolic pathways to operate B-vitamins, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, folate
pantothenic acid is important for acetyl-CoA
When lean body decreases by ___ % death occurs 50
oxidation of fatty acids occurs in cytosol
Created by: cruseb1