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M6 13-005

Exam 6: Meds that affect the GI (Upper GI)

Calcium Carbonate (Tums), Aluminum Hydroxide (AlternaGEL, Gaviscon), Aluminum Hyroxide w/ Magnesium (Maalox, Mylanta) Antacids
Antacid Mechanism of Action Neutralize gastric acid to relieve heartburn and sour stomach
Calcium Carbonate (Tums): Side effects Constipation, hypercalcemia, hypophoshatemia
Aluminum Hydroxide (AlternaGEL, Gaviscon): Side effects Constipation, indigestion
Aluminum Hyroxide w/ Magnesium (Maalox, Mylanta) Hypermagnesemia, hypophosphatemia
Cimetidine (Tagamet), Ranitidine (Zantac),Famotidine (Pepcid) Histamine-2 Antagonists
Histamine-2 Antagonists Mechanism of Action Suppress gastic acid by blocking H2 receptors
Cimetidine (Tagamet): Side effects Blood abnormalities, diarrhea, dizziness, sleepiness, headache, confusion, increased plasma creatinine level, cardiac rhythm disturbances, ED, rash
Ranitidine (Zantac): Side effects Headache, GI disturbance, insomnia, N/V, rash, blood abnormalities, ED
Famotidine (Pepcid): Side effects Headache, dizziness, diarrhea, constipation, muscle cramps, ED
Sucralfate (Carafate) Anti-ulcer agent
Anti-ulcer Agent Mechanism of Action Protect ulcers from acid and pepsin
Sucrafate (Carafate): Side Effects Dizziness, insomnia, vertigo, constipation, GI discomfort, dry mouth, rash, back pain
Omeprazole (Prilosec), Lanisoprazole (Prevacid) Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton Pump Inhibitors Mechanism of Action Suppress gastric acid by blocking enzymes associated with the final step of acid production
Omeprazole (Prilosec): Side Effects Headache, fatigue, dizziness,depression, ABD pain, cramps, gas, nausea, diarrhea, flu-like symptoms, rash, arthralgia
Lanisoprazole (Prevacid): Side Effects Diarrhea, ABD pain, N/V, constipation, dry mouth, headache, dizziness, vertigo, insomnia, upper respiratory symptoms, rash
Atropine Sulfate (Atropine), Propantheline (Pro-Banthine [Can]) Anticholinergics
Atropine Sulfate (Atropine): Side Effects Blurred vision, dilated pupils, cycloplegia, dizziness, nervousness, insomnia, dry mouth, increased intraocular pressure, palpitations, heart rhythm changes, life-threatening
Propantheline (Pro-Banthine [Can]): Side Effects Constipation, dry mouth, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty urinating, irregular heartbeat, intolerance to heat.
Created by: jtzuetrong