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Ms.Zell - China

Ancient China's Dynasties and Three Philosophies

Shang Dynasty- ancestor worship
Weapon invented by the Shang Dynasty bronze
China under the Shang started off as small kingdoms but were united by the Shang King
Zhou Dynasty a dynasty of chaos in China that led to many years of war
Three Philosophies created during the Zhou dynasty because of all the disorder and used during the Zhou, Qin and Han Dynasties
Confucianism a philosophy created and used during the Zhou Dynasty and later by the Han Dynasty which tells people to respect and obey elders and to learn from their teachings.
Confucianism's impact on China civil servants were given government jobs by their ability/ knowledge of passing a test on Confucianism and no longer just because of the power of their family. The government stressed respect, peace and order and setting a good example for others.
Daoism Belief in yin and yang that people on their own will balance the good and bad in life and rulers should not need to have many laws. For a government to follow this belief they should rule as little as possible and have few laws.
Daoism's impact on China This belief led to the warring states period at the end of the Zhou Dynasty and caused China to become very disorganized and chaotic.
Legalism the belief that people are bad and must be told what to do and be punished if they break rules. In a government this belief would mean having strict laws, harsh punishments and keeping out ideas that the ruler does not like.
Legalism's impact on China This belief helped Emperor Qin re-unite China although not always by doing good things. It led to order in China and the standardization of laws, money, measurements, language and ideas by burning many books and records.