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medical abbreviation

common medical abbreviations

AB or ab abortion
abd abdomen
ac before meals
AD Right ear
ad lib as desired
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
AFB Acid-Fast Bacilli
amp ampule
A/P or A anterior/posterior
AS Left ear
ASA aspirin
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
AU Both ears
AVR aortic valve replacement
ax axillary
Ba barium
BE barium enema
bid twice a day
BM bowel movement
BMR basal metabolic rate
BP blood pressure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
bx biopsy
C celcius
~c with
C1,C2 1st cervical vertebra,2nd cervical vertebra (use only 1 number)
CA cardiac arrest
Ca cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
caps capsules
CBC complete blood count
CDC center for disease control
CCU coronary care unit
CF cystic fibrosis
CHF congestive heart failure
chol cholesterol
cm centimeter
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF chronic renal failure
CS cesarean section
C culture and sensitivity
CMV cytomegalovirus
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CT scan or CAT scan computerized tomography
CVA cerebral vascular accident
CC chief complaint
c/o complains of
CXR chest x-ray
cysto cystoscopy
D dilation and curettage
d/c or dc discontinue
diff differential count(WBC)
DIG digoxin
DPT diphtheria,pertussis,tetanus
DM Diabetes Mellitus
DOA Dead on arrival
DRE digital rectal exam
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
ECF Extended Care Facility
ECG or EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiography
EDC estimated date of confinement
EEG electroencephalogram
EMB endometrial biopsy
HEENT head,eyes,ears,nose,throat
EMG Electromyelogram
EOM extraocular movement
ER emergency room
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
F Fahrenheit
FB foreign body
FBS fasting blood sugar
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fe iron
FH family history
F/U or FU follow up
FUO fever of undetermined origin
Fx fracture
g or gm gram
GB gallbladder
GBS gallbladder series
GI gastrointestinal
Grav 1,2,3 1st,2nd or 3rd pregnancy
GTT glucose tolerance test
GYN gynecology
hr hour
H hematocrit and hemoglobin
h/o history of
Hct hematocrit
HDL high density lipoprotein
Hg Mercury
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
H2O water
HPI history of present illness
hs at bedtime
hx history
I incision and drainage
ICU intensive care unit
IM intramuscular
inj injection
IOL intraocular lens
IUD intrauterine device
IUP intrauterine pregnancy
IV intravenous
IVP intravenous pyelogram
K potassium
kg kilogram
KUB kidney ureter bladder
L1,L2 1st or 2nd vertebra
lap laparotomy
LAT or lat lateral
OD right eye
OS left eye
OT occupational therapy
OU both eyes
oz ounce
P pulse
PA posterior/anterior
P percussion and Auscultation
Para 1,2,3 number of viable births
Path pathology
pc after meals
PDR Physician Desk Reference (drugs)
PE physical exam
per os by mouth
PERRLA pupils equal round reactive to light
PH past history
pH acid/alkalinity measurements
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU phenylketonuria
PMS premenstrual syndrome
po passed orally
PPD test for tuberculosis (purified protein derivative)
PRN as needed
POMR Problem Oriented Medical Record
PT prothrombin time
pt patient
PTT partial prothromboplastin time
PU pregnancy urine
q every
qd everyday
qid four times a day
qh every hour
qhs every night
qod every other day
RBC Red Blood Cells
R/O rule out
REM rapid eye movement
Rh Rhesus factor in the blood
RLL right lower lobe
RML right middle lobe
ROM range of motion
ROS review of systems
RUL right upper lobe
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx therapy, prescription
s without
S1,S2 1st or 2nd sacral vertebra
SAB spontaneous abortion
Sed Rate sedimentation rate
sig let it be written
SMAC 6 6 different serum tests
SMAC 20 test of 20 chemical constituents
SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SL sublingual
SNF Skilled Nursing Facility
sol solution
SpG specific gravity
Staph staphylococcus
STAT immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
Strep streptococcus
subq subcutaneous
T temperature
T tonsilloadenoidectomy
T1,T2 1st or 2nd thoracic vertebra
TA therapeutic abortion
tab tablet
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TB tuberculosis
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TFT thyroid function test
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid three times a day
top topical
Trig triglycerides
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TUR,TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
Tx treatment or therapy
U unit
UC uterine contraction
UA urinalysis
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
umb umbilical
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultrasound
UTI urinary tract infection
VD venereal disease
VS vital signs
WBC white blood cells, white blood count
Wt Weight
Ht Height
y/o year old
Hgb hemoglobin
gtt drops
1* primary
2* secondary
_ negative
+ positive
less than
> greater than
/\ change
AMA against medical advice
BASA baby aspirin
BPM beats per minute
CRC colorectal cancer
KCI potassium chloride
LBP lower back pain
LMP last menstrual cycle
N/C no complaints
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NTG nitroglycerine
NV nausea and vomiting
NVD nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
OTC over the counter
OV office visit
PCN penicillin
PFT pulmonary function test
PSA prostate specific antigen
rect rectal, rectally
Sx symptoms
tr trace
VO verbal order
VS vital signs
WNL within normal limits
WO written order
x times
DTR deep tendon feflex
Created by: valery212011