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Medieval Europe II

Pope The bishop of Rome and supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
Monk A man who separates himself from ordinary human society in order to pursue a life of total dedication to God.
Feudalism A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
Vassal A person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom he or she owes allegiance; a subordinate or dependent; a servant.
Knight A mounted warrior who had great prestige in the Middle Ages; they dominated warfare in Europe.
Feudal Contract An unwritten set of rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal - the major obligation was to perform military service.
Chivalry A code that knights adopted in the late Middle Ages; requiring them to be brave, loyal and true to their word; they had to fight fairly in battle.
Magna Carta This document, signed by King John of England. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial.
Parliament The lawmaking body of British government.
Crusades A series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims.
Byzantine Empire The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the fall of the Western Empire at the end of the 5th century C.E. Its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine.
Manor System System of living during the Middle Ages where lords own the land and rent it out to serfs who farm in exchange for a place to live and small portion of the crops to eat and knights are appointed to protect the land.
Serf A person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord.
Black Death The epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe.
Anti-Seminism Discrimination against or prejudice or hostility toward Jews.
Fief An estate of land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty.
Created by: CoachSweitzer