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Chapter 13

Chapter 13 American History

led an expedition to find a route through the Rocky Mountains. Jedediah Smith
a fur trapper or explorer who opened up the West by finding the best trails through the Rocky Mountains. Mountain Man
famous rugged loners. Jim Beckwourth
a person who buys huge areas of land for a low price and then sells off small sections of it at high prices. land speculator
a trail that began in Missouri and ended in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Santa Fe Trail
a trail that ran westward from Independence, Missouri, to the Oregon Territory. Oregon Trial
a member of a church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830. Mormon
Mormon leader after Joseph Smith was killed. Led his people to Utah. Brigham Young
helped fulfill his father’s dream by establishing an American colony in Texas. Stephen Austin
people of Spanish heritage who consider Texas their home. Tejano
the Mexican president during the Texas revolt against Mexico in 1833. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
commander of the Texas army during the fight for the Alamo. Sam Houston
head of a company of 183 volunteers that fought at the Alamo. William Travis
leader of a band of 25 Tejanos in support of the revolt at the Alamo. Juan Seguine
In 1836 Texans defended a church called The Alamo against the Mexican army; all but five Texans were killed. Battle of the Alamo
the nickname of the republic of Texas, given in 1836. Lone Star Republic
the 11th president of the United States. James K. Polk
the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. manifest destiny
general of US troops under President Polk. Stationed troops on the Northern Bank of the Rio Grande. Zachary Taylor
the 1846 rebellion by Americans against Mexican rule in California. Bear Flag Revolt
US general who took Mexico City in 1847. Winfield Scott
the 1848 treaty ending the U. S. war with Mexico; Mexico ceded nearly one-half of its land to the United States. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
a vast region given up by Mexico after the War with Mexico; it included the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming. Mexican Cession
a person who went to California to find gold, starting in 1849 forty-niner
California settlers of Spanish or Mexican descent. Californio
a member of one of the oldest Spanish families in America, he owned 250,000 acres of land. Mariano Vallejo
a Swiss immigrant who persuaded the governor to grant him 50,000 acres in the unsettled Sacrament Valley. He built a fort on his land. John Sutter
a carpenter who built a sawmill on the American River. Discovered gold in the water. James Marshall
in 1849, large numbers of people moved to California because gold had been discovered there. California Gold Rush
Created by: h0300261