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Manifest Destiny and Territorial Expansion
|Was received from Spain by a treaty.
|Was sold to the US by France.
|Was received from England by a treaty.
|Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase).
|Jefferson made the US how much bigger?
|doubled the size of the United States.
|In the Lewis and Clark expedition
|explored the Louisiana Purchase.
|Lewis and Clark went from
|the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
|Spain gave this to the United States through a treaty.
|was added after it became an independent republic.
|The Oregon Territory
|was divided by the United States and Great Britain.
|California and the southwest territory
|War with Mexico resulted in this becoming part of the United States.
|Geographic and economic factors
|that influenced westward movement
|Population growth in the
|Availability of what kind of land?
|cheap, fertile land Fertile = Able to be farmed
|Reason to go to California
|Cheaper and faster transportation,
|e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats
|Knowledge of overland trails
|(Oregon and Santa Fe)
|Belief in the right of “Manifest Destiny”
|The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country.
|The cotton gin was invented by
|Whitney's Cotton Gin
|increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
|Jo Anderson (a slave) and Cyrus McCormick
|worked to invent the reaper.
|The reaper increased
|the productivity of the American farmer.
|The steamboat was improved by
|provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories.
|The steam locomotive
|provided faster land transportation.
|Most abolitionists demanded
|immediate freeing of the slaves.
|Abolitionists believed that
|slavery was wrong.
|A violation of the principles of democracy
|Declaration of Independence: “All Men are Created Equal!!!”
|Abolitionist leaders included
|Harriet Tubman, William, Lloyd Garrison & Frederick Douglass
|declared that “All men and women are created equal.”
|Suffragists believed that
|women were deprived of basic rights.
|The Suffragists movement was led by
|Isabel Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton
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