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Agriculture & Rural*

#16-44

TermDefinition
Double cropping The practice of harvesting twice a year from the same field
Crop rotation Practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil
Plantation Large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country
Horticulture Growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers
Second Agricultural Revolution Happened at the time of the Industrial Revolution- shifted from subsistence farming to farming for surplus
Von Thunen Model Theory that a commercial farmer will decide which crops to grow and which livestock to raise depending on proximity to markets
Sustainable agriculture Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil-restoring crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides
Green revolution Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers
Livestock ranching Commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area
Cultivation regions Regions where there is agricultural activity
Desertification Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting
Growing season The season in which crops grow best
Intertillage The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, rakes, and other manual equipment
Market gardening The small scale production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers as cash crops sold directly to local consumers
Mediterranean agriculture An agro-ecological strategy catering to the warm, dry summers and mild winters of the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea
Grain farming Requires extensive technology, #1 export
Dairy farming Located near urban areas, sell to wholesalers, labor intensive
Mixed crop/livestock A lot of the produce is fed to animals and not consumed by people
Gardening/Fruit farming Characterized by truck farming and cheap labor
Intensive Agriculture Must be insensitively worked on to produce and attain food from the land to survive on
Created by: 3163650