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Bonewit chapter 15

Automated method (for testing laboratory specimens) A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer
Fasting Abstaining from food or fluids (except water) for a specific amount of time before the collection of a specimen
Homeostasis The state in which the body systems are functioning normally, and the internal environment of the body is in equilibrium; the body is in a healthy state
In vivo Occuring in the liveing body or organisim
Laoratory test The clinical analysis and study of materials, fluid, or tissues obtained from the patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease
Manual method Amethod of laberatory testing in which the serie of steps in the test method is performed by hand.
Plasma The liquid part of the blood, consisting of a cleas, yellowish fluid that comprises appromimatley 55% of the total blood volume.
Profile Numerous laboratory test providing related or complemantary information used to determine the health status of a pt
Quality control THe application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated
ROutine test A laboratory test performed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease
Serum The clear, straw colored part of the blood (plasms) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it.
Specimen A small sample os something taken to show the nature of the whole
Analyte A substance that is being identified or measured in a lab report
calibration A mechanism to check the precision & accuracy of a test system, such as an automated analyzer, to determine if the system is providing accurate results; typically performed using a device called a standard
Clinical Diagnosis A tentative diagnosis of a pt'c condition obtained through evaluation of the health history and the PE, without the benefit of labaratory or diagnostic tests
Control A solution that is used to monitor a test system to ensure the reliability and accuracy of test results
Nonwaiived test A complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver and is subject to the CLIA regulations
Product insert A printed document supplied by the manufaturer with a labratory test product that contains information on the proper storage and use of product
Qualitative test A test that indicates whether or not asubstance is present in the specimen being tested and also provides an approximate indication of the amount of the substance
Quatitative test A test that indicates the exact amount of a chemical substance that is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units
Reagent A substance that produces a reaction with a pt specimen that allows detection of measurment of a substance by the test system
Referance range A certian established and acceptable parameter or reference range within which the labaratory test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall (aka reference value and reference interval)
Test system A setup that includes all od the test components required to perform a laboratory test such as testing devices, controls and testing reagents
Waived test A laboratory test that meets the CLIA criteria for being a simple procedure that is easy to perform and has a low risk of erroneous test results, these have been FDA approved for home use.
Created by: ReganEntler