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-Aural Rehab chp 5&6

foundation of aural rehab-speech reading

Lip reading and speechreading are similar in that both rely on what? visual signals and the talkers face
Speechreading utilizes multimodal input, combining signals from which two modes? auditory/visual and expressions/gestures
Does lipreading or speechreading include information regarding setting? speechreading
What procedure is a noninvasive means of mapping brain activity? fMRI
How does evidence from brain mapping substantiate hearing peoples reliance on speech reading? The auditory cortex becomes activated
Which investigator cited for providing a review of the activation of the auditory cortex? cambell
How does knowing a persons degree of hearing loss allow you to make a prognosis on whether the individual will rely more or less on visual info for communication? speechreading requires some auditory cues
The net interpretation of many studies designed to determine what factors are predictive of a persons lipreading support some evidence favoring which contributors? (name 5) visual word decoding, working memory, lexical identification speed, phonological processing, verbal influence making
Is there a gender bias for lipreading proficiency? No
Is there an age bias for lipreading proficiency? Yes: young adults lipread better than the elderly
What factors have been noted as possible constraints on children's lipreading proficiency? linguistic and word knowledge
What percentage of english speech sounds did woodward and barber estimate were not readily seen on the speakers mouth by the viewer? 60%
Factors that influence difficulty in lip reading (name 5) variability of sounds, rapidity of speech, co-articulation, visemes and homophones and talker effects
Less visible consonants? What are they? biblical closure /k, g, t, n/
Why are vowels acoustically salient to people with hearing loss? intense, slow changing, and long
What is the range of normal rate of speech cited in the text (words per minute and syllables per second) 150-250 words per minute, 4-7 syllables per sec
Define Visemes: sounds are identical on the lips /p,m,b/
Define Homophones: words are identical on the mouth
McGurk Effect: (hint:audiovisual integration) info from the auditory and visual signal combine to form a unified percept.
What viewing angle is best for the speechreaders word recognition? frontal
WHat are three components of favorable seating? close, full face, well lit
What is a good distance for speechreading? 1-10 meters away
What does an oral interpreter do? Sits in view of deaf and slowly repeats what talker is saying. (cant share, cant change meanings, cant have opinion)
Who are candidates for speechreading? children adults who recently lost hearing
Bruhns method: Define the mueller walle: Rapid syllable drill/sentence context cues
What logic underlying many current speechreading curricula: sound identification, recognize gist of sentences (auditory/visual)
Which consonant feature is recommended to be varies most in establishing analytic speechreading training proficiency? consonant recognition
In synthetic speechreading training an early task is: repeat each sentence
Holistic Approach: (how is metaawareness of why speechreading, self advocacy and evaluation of various settings important? Who does the evaluation? Whats the setting?) Includes child in setting goals, real life vs. drills, self and clinician evaluations
Three first objectives in discriminating word pairs for consonant analytic speechreading: 1. consonant pairs differ in place of production and share voice or manner 2. place/production different manner/voice 3. share place manner or voice
Created by: 1043520062