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AP GEO CH 10

Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 10

QuestionAnswer
Adolescent fertility rate The number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
Developed country A country that has progressed relatively far along a continuum of development.
Developing country A country that is at a relatively early stage in the process of development.
development A process of improvement in the conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
fair trade A variation of international trade that greater equity to workers, and consumers, focusing primarily on products exported from developing countries to developed countries.
Female labor force participation rate The percentage of women holding full-time jobs outside the home.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) Investment made by a foreign company in the economy of another country.
Gender Development Index (GDI) An indicator constructed by the U.N. to measure the gender gap in the level of achievement in terms of income, education, and life expectancy.
Gender Inequality Index (GII) An indicator constructed by the U.N. to measure to measure the extent of each country’s gender inequality in terms of reproductive health, empowerment, and the labor market.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) The value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, not accounting for money that leaves and enters the country.
Gross National Income (GNI) The value of the output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, including money that leaves and enters the country.
Human Development Index (HDI) An indicator constructed by the U.N. to the level of development for a country through a combination of income, education, and life expectancy.
literacy rate Percentage of a country’s people who can read and write.
Microfinance Provision of small loans and other financial services to individuals and small businesses in developing countries.
Millennium Development Goals Eight goals adopted by the U.N. in 2002 to reduce disparities between developed and developing countries by 2015.
primary sector Portion of the economy concerned with the direct extraction of materials from Earth, generally through agriculture.
Productivity The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) The amount of money needed in one country to purchase the same goods and services in another country.
quaternary services Service industries including or related to transportation, telecommunications, real estate, insurance, finance, and management.
quinary services Service industries such as research, education, and engineering that facilitate the creation of innovations through the production of new knowledge and skills.
secondary sector The portion of the economy concerned manufacturing useful products through processing, transforming, and assembling raw materials.
structural adjustment program Economic policies imposed on LDCs by international agencies to create conditions that encourage international trade.
Sustainable Development Goals Seventeen goals adopted by the U.N. in 2015 to reduce disparities between developed and developing countries by 2030.
tertiary sector The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
World-systems theory Theory developed by Immanuel Wallerstein that in an increasingly unified world economy developed countries form an inner core area whereas developing countries are found on the periphery and semi-periphery.
Created by: flordaman
 

 



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