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J.T. 4.1 Vocabulary

All definitions found in 4.1

Dogma Those truths which the Church teaches have been specifically revealed by God. Acceptance of dogma is essential for complete faith and the deepest possible relationship with God. Denial of dogma is heresy.
Trinity The central Christian mystery that one God is in three Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Canon A name for those books which have been accepted by the Church as normative for faith.
Doctrine An official teaching of the Church.
Tradition of the Church The faith which the Church has received from Christ through the apostles and all of the ways the faith has been passed on: in creeds, doctrines, decisions of the magisterium, liturgies, and patterns of prayer and service.
Apologists "Defenders of the faith." Christians who worked hard to dispel the false rumors about Christianity and to make Christianity appear both reasonable and acceptable to non-Christians.
Son of God A title for Jesus that refers to his relationship with the other Persons of the Trinity.
Incarnation Becoming human. The event and process in which the eternal Son of God took on flesh and entered human history.
Divine Literally, "of God."
Heresy The term literally means "choice." A heresy is a conscious, deliberate, and persistent or public denial by a member of the Church of one or more of the truths of faith (dogma).
Apostles' Creed One of two great creeds, or statements of belief, of the Church. It is considered to be a summary of the apostles' faith. It is the ancient baptismal symbol of the Church of Rome.
Apollinarianism A false belief that claimed that although Jesus had a human body, he had no human soul.
Monotheism The belief that there is only one God.
Infallibility A spiritual attribute possessed by the Church as a whole ensuring the the Church will never cease to be the body of Christ on earth.
Infallibility Most commonly used to refer to the special attribute possessed by the pope and by the college of bishops in communion with the pope which ensures that when they speak on matters of faith and morals they are free of error.
Ecumenical Council A gathering of all the Catholic bishops of the world. Ecumenical councils determine those things which all the local churches (dioceses) will hold in common.
Excommunication The most severe penalty within the Church. A person who is excommunicated is separated from the communion of other Catholics. He or she cannot receive the sacraments or hold certain positions within the Church.
Created by: Angela Glaser



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