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Medical term

Chapter 6

-ectasis, -ecstasia Stretching, dilation, dilatation, widening
-emesis Vomiting
-lysis destruction, breakdown, seperation
-pepsia Digestion
-phagia Eating, swallowing
-plasty Surgical procedure
-ptosis Drooping, sagging, protruding
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage, -rrhagia Bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stenosis tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia opening
Bucc/o cheek
Liver function tests (LFTs) Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in the blood
Stool culture Test for microorganisms present in feces
Stool guaiac test ot Hemoccult Test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces
Lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema) X-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
Upper gastrointestinal series X-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines obtained after administering barium by mouth
Cholangiography X-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
Computed Tomography (CT) A series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)
Abdominal ultrasonography Sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of the abdominal viscers
Endoscopic ultrasonography Use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
Gastric bypass or bariatric surgery Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum
Gastrointestinal endoscopy Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tact using an endoscope
Laparoscopy Visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen
Liver biopsy Removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination
Nasogastric intubation Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
Paracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
alk phos Alkaline phosphatase
ALT, AST Alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase- enzymes measured to evaluate liver function
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum
CT Computed tomography
EGD esophagogartroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
FOBT fecal occult blood test
G tube gastrostomy tube
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroepophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
LAC Laparoscopic assisted colectomy
LFT's liver function tests
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
PUD peptic ulcer disease
TPN total parenteral nutrition
Created by: s.fitzpatrick410