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pharm ch 16

Pharmacology Psychiatric Drugs Chapter 16

A neurosis is characterized by anxiety, anxiousness, and tension at a more intense level than normal
Anxiety can be associated with phobias such as: 1. Acrophobia (fear of heights). 2. Arachnophobia (fear of spiders). 3. Ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). 4. Agoraphobia (fear of open spaces). 5. Claustrophobia (fear of confined spaces).
Neuroses can also cause “panic (anxiety) attacks.”
Medications used to treat neuroses are called sedatives or antianxiety drugs or minor tranquilizers. SAM
Sedatives include: 1. Xanax AKA alprazolam. 2. Valium AKA diazepam. 3. Librium AKA chlordiazepoxide. 4. Tranxene. 5. Ativan AKA lorazepam.
Sedatives can lose effectiveness if combined with caffeine.
Psychosis is characterized by losing touch with reality and can result in illusions, delusions, and hallucinations.
An illusion is a false interpretation of a sensory stimulus such as a “mirage.”
A delusion is a false belief such as “I am Jesus Christ.”
A hallucination is a sensory perception that is not caused by an external stimulus such as “hearing voices.”
Medications used to treat psychoses are called major tranquilizers or antipsychotics or neuroleptics. MAN
Antipsychotics include: 1. Thorazine AKA chlorpromazine. 2. Seroquel. 3. Abilify. 4. Risperdal. 5. Zyprexa. 6. Haldol (hallucinate) AKA haloperidol. 7. Catapres AKA clonidine
Haldol (haloperidol) is also used to treat Tourette’s syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by involuntary body movements and vocal outbursts.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) AKA clinical depression is characterized by: 1. Insomnia (difficulty sleeping). 2. Crying. 3. Lack of pleasure in any activity. 4. Anorexia (loss of appetite). 5. Suicidal feelings. 6. Feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness.
Medications used to treat MDD are called antidepressants.
Antidepressants include: 1. Effexor. 2. Cymbalta. 3. Abilify. 4. Lexapro. 5. Prozac. 6. Paxil. 7. Zoloft. 8. Wellbutrin(Zyban) 9. Pristiq.
Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, or Zoloft use during pregnancy increases the chances of birth defects such as: ASD atrial septal defect VSD ventricular septal defect PPHN persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate SB spina bifida
Zyban (Wellbutrin) can cause serious neuropsychiatric symptoms such as: changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide.
The interaction of Pristiq with NSAIDs or anticoagulants can cause bleeding tendencies.
The interaction of Pristiq with antimigraine medication can cause sudden death.
Some antidepressants can cause suicidal tendencies in children and teens.
Depression has been linked to a deficiency of omega 3 fatty acids (fish).
Manic-depressive illness (MDI) is characterized by cyclic extreme mood swings between two opposite poles of emotion
MDI is also referred to as bipolar mental disorder (BMD).
Medications used to treat BMD include: 1. Lithobid AKA lithium. 2. Seroquel. 3. Thorazine AKA chlorpromazine. 4. Abilify. 5. Risperdal. 6. Zyprexa. 7. Topamax.
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
ADHD is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and excessive motor activity.
inattention, impulsivity, and excessive motor activity. 1. Focalin. 2. Catapres AKA clonidine. 3. Ritalin or Concerta AKA methylphenidate. 4. Adderall.
A medication to treat alcoholism is called Antabuse.
Antabuse will not allow the alcohol to be broken down and absorbed. The mixture of alcohol and Antabuse will cause cephalalgia (headache), vertigo (dizziness), and nausea + vomiting (N+V).
Created by: pattiluv