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5 Language

chapter 5 quiz

TermDefinition
conquest theory early Pro-Indo-European speakers spread West by horsenack, overpowering, beginning diffusion and differentiation of the Indo-European tongues
creole language began as a Pidgin language, but later adopted as mother tongue by the people of the mother tongue land
dialect variant of a language (pronounciation, grammar, and vocabulary)
dispersal theory Indo-European first moved East to South West Asia -> Caspian Sea -> Russian-Ukraine Plains -> Balkans. Another part said it moved west.
extinct language languages without any native speakers
germanic languages English, German, Danish, Norweian, and Swedish
isogloss geographic boundary where linguist features occur
language convergence 2 languages collasping into 1
language divergence 1 language formed into 2
lingua franca ancient language in the Mediterranean ports usually for trading and commerce
official language multilingual countries have language chosen by an eduacated, powerful elite, usually the language is spoken in Courts and in the government
pidgin language where 2 or more languages come. part of each of them combine into a simplified structure and vocabulary
Renfrew's hypothesis Proto Indo-European came from Fertile Crescent, Anatolia into Europe, West Arc to North Africa and Arab, and East Arc into Iran , Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India
toponym place name
Created by: Blui
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