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Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Scientific Revolution a shift in thinking about the study of the natural world that began in the 1500s and departed from traditional teachings
heliocentric theory the idea that the sun is the center of the solar system, with Earth and the other planets revolving around it
geocentric theory the idea that the Earth is the center of the solar system, with the sun and other planets revolving around it
scientific method a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific assumptions
rationalism belief in reason and logic as the primary source of knowledge
Enlightenment an intellectual movemement of the 18th century that applied to scientific methods to the study of society and government
salon in France, an informal meeting of philosophers during the Enlightenment
philosopher a scholar or thinker
constitutional monarchy a form of government in which the monarch's power is limited by a basic set of laws, or constution
social contract an agreement in which people give power to a government in return for its protections
natural rights rights that belong to people "by nature" simply because they are human
separation of powers the division of powers among branches of government
despotism rule by a despot, or a tyrant
oppression cruel or unjust treatment
tolerance the acceptance of different beliefs and customs
capital punishment punishment by death; also called the death penalty
individual rights the privileges of people in a society
bill of rights a list of basic human rights that a government must protect
Created by: nchaplinlewis