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M6 13-005

Exam #5 Respiratory Vocab

Adventitious Abnormal sounds superimposed on breath sounds
Atelectasis Collapsed lung tissues, preventing the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi using a standard rigid, tubular middle bronchoscope or a narrower, flexible fiber optic bronchoscope.
Cor Pumonale Abnormal cardiac condition characterized by hypertropia and right ventricle the heart as a result of hypertension pulmonary circulation
Coryza Acute inflammation of the mucous membranes and accessories sinuses, usually accompanied by a edema of the mucosa and nasal discharge
Crackles Short, discrete, interrupted crackling sounds heard in the lungs upon inspiration. Only called rales.
Cyanosis Blue coloring of the skin due to lack of oxygen
Dyspnea Shortness of breath
Embolism Foreign object, quantity of air or gas or thrombus that circulates in the bloodstream
Empyema Accumulation of possibly body cavity, especially in the plural space, as a result of infection.
Epistaxis Nosebleed
Exacerbation Increasing seriousness of a disease or disorder; Marked by greater intensity of sinus symptoms of the patient being treated
Extrinsic Cause by external factors
Hypercapnia Greater than normal amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hypoventilation Volume of air is not adequate for the metabolic needs of the body
Hypoxia And in adequate, reduced tension of cellular oxygen.
Intrinsic caused by internal factors
Orthopnea Abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably.
Plural friction rubs Low-pitched, grating or creaking lung sounds that occur when inflamed pleural spaces rub together during respirations.
Pneumothorax In collection of error gas in the plural space, causing the lung to collapse
Sibilant wheezes High pitched, squeaking, or whistle like sound caused by the rapid movement of air through narrow bronchioles
Stertorous Pertaining to the respiratory effort that is strenuous and struggling, which provokes a snoring sound
Tachypnea Rapid rate of breathing
Thoracentesis Surgical perforation of the chest wall and pleural space with a needle for the aspiration of fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
Virulent Having the power to produce disease; of or pertaining to a very pathogenic or rapidly progressive condition
Created by: jtzuetrong