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BMMS Rome Ch. 13

Rome Ch. 13Definition
Romulus a legendary hero said to have founded Rome
legend a popular story from early times that cannot be proved
Aeneas a hero of the Trojan War, who settled in Italy
Remus twin brother of Romulus
republic a government in which people elect their leaders
peninsula a body of land surrounded by water on three sides
patrician class of people made up of wealthy landowners and government officials
plebeian class of mostly common farmers
consul one pair of elected officials who headed ancient Rome's executive branch and commanded the army
Cincinnatus a dictator chosen by the consuls to defend Rome from attack in 458B.C. He gave his power up after one day.
tripartite government a type of government that has three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial
veto to overrule
Punic Wars a series of three long wars Rome fought against Carthage
civil war an armed conflict between groups within the same country
Julius Caesar a Roman general who was appointed dictator for life in 44B.C. and then was assassinated
Augustus(Octavian) the first emperor of the Roman Empire in 27 B.C.
Pax Romana a period of Roman peace and stability that lasted 200 years
SPQR the call letters of the Roman Republic, it is Latin for the Senate and People of Rome
aqueduct a channel or pipe that carries water from a spring, stream, or lake into towns
Colosseum a large arena in Rome where gladiators fought
gladiator a trained warrior who engaged in combat to the death to entertain the public
Hannibal a general and leader of Carthage during the Punic Wars
Scipio a Roman general during the Punic Wars, he defeated Hannibal
Twelve Tables a written constitution passed by the patricians in 450B.C. , it established basic rights and duties for Roman citizens
civic duty duties that are people are expected to perform to serve their nation,. Americans show civic duty by paying taxes, voting, and taking part in jury duty
Etruscans a tribe from Northern Italy who ruled as kings over the Romans for 66 years
assassinate to murder for political reasons
Gaul modern day France
Carthage city-sate in N. Africa which Rome fought in the Punic Wars
Latins people who lived on the Latium plain
Circus Maximus a large oval stadium used for chariot racing
dictator a person invested with supreme authority during a crisis, the regular magistracy being subordinated to him until the crisis was met.
mosaic a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc.
Cicero a Roman consul who was a great speaker
senate a powerful branch of the Roman government made up of 300 patrician men who served for life
latifundia Large farm estates in Rome owned by wealthy patricians. (Latin: lātus, "spacious" + fundus, "farm, estate")
toga cloth of perhaps 20 ft in length which was wrapped around the body and was generally worn over a tunic.
augur a religious official and priest who observed natural signs, especially the behavior of birds, interpreting these as an indication of divine approval or disapproval of a proposed action.
legionnaire a professional Roman soldier
arch a usually curved part of a structure that is over an opening and that supports a wall or other weight above the opening
amphitheater an oval or circular building with rising tiers of seats ranged about an open space and used in ancient Rome especially for contests and spectacles
Created by: fish