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AP Human Vocab 4

Vocab for Unit 4

annexation incorporating territory into another geo-political entity
antarctica southermost continent that is not inhabited or owned by any country
apartheid segregation of blacks in South Africa from 1948 to 1994
balkanization fragmentation or breakup of a region or country into smaller regions or countries
border landscape two types are exclusionary and inclusionary. exclusionary is meant to keep people out and inclusionary facilitates trade and movement
boundary disputes conflicts over the location, size, and extent of borders between nations
boundary origin boundaries that originated from old tribal lands and lands won in war
boundary process process of creating boundaries
boundary type natural boundaries formed by rivers and mountains, and political boundaries formed through war and compromise in treaties
buffer state country lying between two more powerful countries that are hostile to each other
capital principle city in a state or country
centrifugal religious, political, economic conflict that causes disunity
centripetal attitude that unifies people and enhances support
city-state region controlled by a city and has sovereignty
colonialism attempt by a country to establish settlements and impose political and economic control
confederation association of sovereign states by a treaty or agreement
conference of berlin regulated trade and colonization in africa
core/periphery core countries have high levels of development and periphery countries usually have less development and are poorer
decolonization movement of american/european colonies gaining independence
devolution decentralization of a government from a unitary to a federal system
domino theory the idea that if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then more would follow
exclusive economic zone sea zone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources
electoral regions different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions
enclave/exclave an enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country and an exclave is a country which is geographically separated from the main part
ethnic conflict a war between ethnic groups
european union supranational and intergovernmental union of 27 democratic member states of europe
federal a political philosophy in which a group or body of members are bound together with a governing representative head
forward capital a symbolically relocated capital city
frontier a zone where no state exercises complete political control
geopolitics the study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to international politics
gerrymandering the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the political party in power
global commons no one person or state may own or control and which it's central to life
heartland/rimland central region of a country or continent
immigrant state a type of receiving state which is the target of many immigrants
Created by: BriannaRiddick