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MA 70 Module 6

Body Structures

Anatomic Position Body, palms of hands and feet facing forward in a standing position.
Anterior Pertaining to the front
ventral Pertaining to the front
posterior Pertaining to the back
dorsal pertaining to the back
anteroposterior pertaining to from front to back
posteroanterior pertaining to from back to front
lateral pertaining to the side
anterolateral pertaining to from the front and away from the middle (toward the side)
posterolateral In the back and away from the middle (toward the side)
medial, median pertaining to the middle
cephalad toward the head
caudad toward the tail (lower portion of the body)
superior above; nearer the top of the head
inferior below
proximal toward the point of origin or attachment
distal away from the point of origin or attachment
Body Plane directions in which the body is divided; superior/ inferior, anterior/posterior, right/left
frontal or coronal plane divisions of the body between front and back
median or midsagittal plane divisions of the body between right and left
horizontal or transverse plane divisions of the body between inferior and superior (lower and upper)
cross section a plane cutting transversely, especially going against the long side of limb
dorsal cavity spaces toward the backside of the body that contains the cranial and spinal cavities
ventral cavity spaces toward the front side of body that contains the thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities
cranial cavity The hollow within the skull
spinal cavity The hollow in the vertebrae where spinal cord resides
thoracic cavity The space within the chest that contains the heart and lungs
abdominopelvic cavity The space within the abdomen and pelvis where the organs are.
ab- away from
ad- towards
epi- upon, above, on
hypo- below; less than normal
medi- middle
peri- around
super- above; upper; more than normal
trans- across; through
ultra- beyond
-ac pertaining to
-ad toward
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-gram record or image
-graph machine that creates the image or record
-graphy the process of creating an image or record
-iac pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-logist one who specializes in the study of
-logy the study of
-lysis separation; destruction; loosening
-meter an instrument for measuring
-metry the process of measuring
-ous pertaining to
-scope instrument for viewing (examining)
-scopy the process of viewing (examining)
-tic pertaining to
-verse turning
abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o anterior, front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
chondr/o cartilage
coron/o crown
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o away from
dors/o backside
gastr/o stomach
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (hip bone)
infer/o below; under
inguin/o groin
later/o side
lumb/o lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i, pelv/o pelvis
poster/o backside
proxim/o near to; toward
pub/o pubis
spin/o spine
super/o above; more than normal
thorac/o chest
tom/o a cut, section
umbilic/o umbilicus, navel
ventr/o front side, belly
abdominal pertaining to the abdomen
abdominopelvic pertaining to the abdomen and pelvis
cephalad toward the head
cervical pertaining to the neck or cervix uteri
cranial pertaining to the skull
diaphragm muscle that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
epigastric upon or above the stomach
gastric pertaining to the stomach
hypochondriac pertaining to under the cartilage
hypogastric pertaining to below the stomach
iliac pertaining to the ilium
inguinal pertaining to the groin
lumbar lower back
lumboabdominal pertaining to the lower back and abdomen
spinal pertaining to the spine
thoracic pertaining to the chest
transverse lying across the long axis of a body part
umbilical pertaining to the navel
abd abdomen
ant anterior
AP anteroposterior
EEG electroencephalography
LAT, lat lateral (pertaining to the side)
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
PA posteroanterior
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
Four types of tissue Nervous, muscular,connective, epithelial
Organization of an organism atom-molecule-organelle-cell-tissue-organ-body system-organism
acr/o extremities (arms and/or legs)
dacty/o digits (fingers and/or toes)
encephal/o brain
periton/o peritoneum
somat/o, som/a body
viscer/o organs
peritoneum lining that surround the abdominopelvic cavity
visceral pertaining to organs
somatic pertaining to the body
Spell the word that is a condition of tissue being swollen, heated and red inflammation
Created by: leschnei