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Chapter 3

Medical Terms

acute sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time
adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor derived from glandular cells
adenoma benign tumor of glandular cells
amniocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid form the amnion sac
angioplasty surgical repar of a blood vessel where a tube is placed in a clogged artery and a balloon at the end of the tube is inflated o flatten the clogged material against to wall of the artery, this enlarges the opening of the artery so that more blood can pass
anastomosis new sergical connection between two previously unconnected bowel parts, vessels or ducts
angiography x-ray recording of blood vessels after contrast is injected
arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries
arthralgia pain of a joint
arthopathy disease of joints
atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries
axillary pertaining to the armpit or underarm
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchial tubes
bronchoscopy visual examinatoin of bronchial tubes by passing an endoscope through the trachea into the bronchi
carcinoma cancerous tumor
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy desease of the heart muscle
chemotherapy treatment with drugs
cholecystectomy removal of the gallbladder
chronic lasting a long time
colitis inflammation of the colon
colostomy removal of the colon
colocolostomy new sergical connection between two previously unconnected portions of the colon
crainotomy incision of the skull
cystitis inflammation o th urinary bladder
dialysis complete separation of waste from the blood when the kidneys fail
electroencephalography process of recording the electricity in the brain
encephalopathy disease of the brain
erythrocytosis abnormal condition of red blood cells
esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
hematoma mass or collection of blood
hematuria abnormal condition of the urine
hemorrage bursting forth of blood
hysterectomy excision of the uterus, either through the adbominal wall or the vagina
infarction area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body
inguinal pertaining to the groin or the area where the legs meet the body
ischemia deficiency of blood flow to a part of the body, caused by narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels
laparoscopy visual examinatoin of the abdomen
laparotomy incisoin of the abdomen
laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
laryngoscopy visual examination of the interior of the voice box with an endoscope
leukemia increase in malignant white blood cells in blood and bone marrow
leukocytosis slight increase in the numbers if normal white blood cells as a response to infection
mammogram x-ray of the breast
mammography process of making an x-ray recording of the breast
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast
mastectomy removal of the breast
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
menorrhagia excessive bleeding from the uterus during the time of menstruation
menorrhea nomral discharge of blood and tissue from the uterine lining during menstruation
myalgia pain in a muscle
myelogram x-ray image of the spinal cord after contrast is injected within the membranes surrounding the spinal cord in th lumbar area of the back
myeloma malignant tumor originating in the bone marrow
myocardial pertaining to the muscle of the heart
myoma tumor of muscle
myosarcoma tumor of muscle
necrosis death of cells
oophorectomy removal of and ovary or ovaries
otalgia pain in the ear
pelvic pertaining to the bones of the hip area
peritoneal pertaining to the petitoneum
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
phlebotomy incision of a vein
pneumonia abnormal condition of the lungsmarked by inflammation and collection of material within the air sacs of the lungs
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
radiotherapy treatment of disease wiht high-energy particles such as x-rays and protons
renal pertaining to the kidney
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
salpingectomy removal of a fallopian tube
septicemia infection in the blood
thoracentesis surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid
tonsillectomy removal of the tonsils
tracheostomy opening of the trachea to the outside of the body
uremia abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the blood stream
vascular pertaining to blood vessels
Created by: Pinkchicsrule