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Pharm. tech book


it produces infection of different organs or systems of the body. Pathogenic microorganisms
an agent that is capable of killing bacteria bactericidal
an agent inhibits bacterial growth but does not necessarily kill bacteria bacteriostatic
derived from a natural source rather than a synthetic source. antibiotic
most common source of antibiotics are ___ and other bacteria. molds
pcn, cephalosporins, carbapenems and monobactams are; beta-lactam antibiotics
was one of the first antibiotics developed pcn
penicillinase resistant anti staph
semisynthetic antibiotics structurally and pharmacologically related to pcn cephalosporins
useful against respiratory infections. pts who are allergic to pcn can usually take this med macrolides
first drugs to prevent and cure human bacterial infections successfully. They should be used in caution in pts with kidney impairment sulfonamides
blood in the urine hematuria
kidney stones crystalluria
broad spectrum agents that are effective against certain bacterial strains that are resistant to other antibiotics tetracyclines (TCN)
should not be given with iron tablets, antacids, or dairy products TCN
should be taken 1 hr before or 2hrs after a meal TCN
used primarily for infections caused by gram negative enterobacteria Aminoglycosides
what color is gram neg. red or pink
aminoglycosides can cause serious adverse effects such as; ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity
causes kidney damage neomycin
useful in pcn allergic pts (preg cat. X) fluoroquinolones
miscel. antibacterial agents. pts taking ____ much avoid alcohol metronidazole (flagal)
most effective antibiotic against anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that grow w/out oxygen) metronidazole
what color is gram-positive organisms purple
should be well diluted and given slowely. A reaction known as red man syndrome may occur if given to fast Vancomycin
rapid swelling of the skin, mucosa, and submucosal tissues. angioedema
pcn g potassium pentids, pfizerpen (natural)
penicillin g benzathine bicillin (natural)
pcn g procaine crysticillin, wycillin (natural)
pcn V potassium beenpen (natural)
CLOXAcillin CLOXApen (resistant PCN)
dicloxacillin dynapen (resistant PCN)
NAFCILlin nafcil, unipen (resistant PCN)
amoxicillin, amoxicillin/cavulanate amoxil, trimox, augmentin (sytmc pcn)
ampicillin omnipen, ampicin (systmc pcn)
CEFadroxil (1st gen) Duricef
CEFazolin (1st gen) ancef, kefzol
cephalexin (1st gen) cefanex, keflex
cefaCLOR (2nd gen) ceclor
CEFOtetan (2nd gen) cefotan
ceFOXitin (2nd gen) mefoxin
CEFdinir (3rd gen) omnicef
CEFoperazone (3rd gen) cefobid
cefotaxime (3rd gen) claforan
cefproZIL (3rd gen) cefzil
ceftriaxone (3rd gen) rocephin
cefepime (4th gen) maxipime
aZITHROMycin zithromax
clarithromycin biaxin, filmtabs, biaxin
ERYTHROmycin erythrocin
ERYthromycin ethylsuccinate EES, eryped
sulfisoxazole gantrisin
sulfadiazine microsulfon
SULFAMETHOXAZOLE sulfamethoxazole
sulfasalazine azulfidine
trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole bactrim, septra
sulfadiazine/sulfamerazine/sulfamethazine triple sulfa sultrin
oxytetracycline terramycin
tetracycline achromycin
demeclocycline declomycin
doxycycline hyclate vibramycin
MINOCycline minocin
AMIKacin amikin
gentamicin garamycin
neomycin mycifradin
STREPTOMYcin streptomycin
CINoxacin cinobac
CIPROfloxacin cipro
gatifloxacin tequin
nalidixic acid negGram
nitroFURantoin furadantin
NORfloxacin noroxin
Created by: fondaj80