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Chapter7:Ethnicity

QuestionAnswer
Religion a system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities
Secularism where religion is, at least in its organized form, becomes less significant in the lives of most people
Monotheistic Religions A religion that worships one deity, a God or Allah
Polytheistic Religions A religion that worships more the one deity, even a thousand
Animistic Religions religions centered on the belief that inanimate objects, such as mountains, rivers and trees, posses spirits and should therefore be revered
Universalizing Religions religions that actively seek coverts because they view themselves as offering belief systems of universal appropriation
caste systems Indian society and system that locks people into particular social classes and imposes many restrictions, especially in the lowest of the castes, the Untouchables
Buddhism Religion found in sixth century B.C and characterized by the belief that enlightenment would come through knowledge;especially self-knowledge; elimination of greed, craving, and desire; complete honesty & never hurting another person or animal
Shintoism An ethnic religion in Japan that focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship
Taoism Religion believed to be founded by Lao-Tsu and based on his book Tao-Te-Ching or "Book of the Way"
Feng-Shui The art and science of organizing living spaces in order to channel the life forces that exist in nature in formidable ways
Confucianism A philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese Culture
Diaspora term that now signifies the spatial distribution of members of any ethnic group
Zionism Belief in the idea of a homeland for the Jews and the Jews should not be absorbed into other other societies
Christianity Religion based on the teachings of Jesus
Roman Catholic Church One of the three major branches in Christianity
Protestant Third major branch of Christianity
Islam Youngest of major world religions, Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad
Sunni Great Majority of Muslims
Sh'ite Muslim minority that is concentrated in Iran
Shamanism A community faith in which people follow their shaman- religious leader, teacher, healer and visionary
Pilgrimage when adherents voluntarily travel to a religious site to pay respects or participate in a ritual at that site
Sacred Sites places or spaces people infuse with religious meaning
minarets Towers attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer
hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammad
intrafaith boundaries Boundaries within a single major faith
interfaith boundaries boundaries between the world's major faiths
genocide attempts to destroy a certain ethnic group
ethnic cleansing term used to describe the ouster of Bosnian Muslims and others from their homes and lands- & sometimes their slaughter
activity space The space within which daily activity occurs
religious fundamentalism Religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundation of the faith and to influence state policy
religious extremism Religious fundamentalism carried to the point of violence
jihad Islamic holy war
Created by: 00770724