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Chapter 6 : Religion
|How is religion seen in the cultural landscape?
|with houses of worship – churches, mosques, synagogues ! cemeteries dotted with religious symbols and icons ! stores designated to sales of religious goods ! services provided to religious adherents who travel to sacred sites
|What is the sacred site for Jews in Jerusalem?
|Western Wall (Wailing) and the edge of the Temple-Mount
|What is the sacred site for Muslims in Jerusalem?
|Dome of the Rock – next to the Wailing Wall
|What is the sacred site for Christians in Jerusalem?
|Church of the Holy Sepulchre – where Jesus was buried and later arose
|How is Hinduism seen in cultural landscapes?
|cultural landscape is dotted with shrines;should be in a comfortable position – like a shady tree ! should be near water ! should face the village from a prominent position
|How is Buddhism seen in cultural landscapes?
|! Bodhi tree is revered and protected because where Buddha received enlightenment ! Buddhist stupas – bell shaped structures ! temples which depict the Buddha in cross-legged pose ! Pagodas
|How is Christianity seen in cultural landscapes?
|Churches, Vatican City, and cemetaries
|What landscape is dominant in the Northeast?
|What landscape is dominant in the South?
|What landscape is dominant in the Midwest?
|What landscape is dominant in the Southwest?
|What is the landscape of Islam?
|~ Mosques ! Minarets – towers where the faithful are called to prayer ! Alhamda Palace in Granada Spain ! Great Mosque in Cordoba ! geometric design and calligraphy ~ Hajj ! They encircle the holy Kaaba in the Grand Mosque
|What role does religion play in political conflicts?
|! religion can divide people ! conflicts are about more than just religion
|What are some places political conflicts arise in?
|! Ireland – Protestant vs. Catholic ! India – Sikhs vs. Hindus
|What conflicts are in Israel and Palestine?
|Interfaith bound conflict -The British made Palestine for Jews and kicked out the muslims
|What is the Horn of Africa?
|It's a mix of Christians and Muslims
|What is Etiopia?
|Home to Amharic(Coptic) Christians in the mountians
|What is Eritrea?
|When Muslims came and join the Christians and got independence by over ruling
|What is the Former Yugoslavia?
|Dividision of the Balkan Peninsula, separating the Catholics - Slovenians and Croats in the West, and Eastern Orthodox - Serbians and Montengrans in East and South
|Who are the Ottoman Turks?
|Muslims who converted Serbians in the middle and south part of the peninsula after taking over
|Who supported the Yugoslavics during WWII?
|What happened after the Croats committed Genocide?
|They were under the command of Tito
|What was Milosevic's mission?
|Tried to keeps the republics in Yugoslavia and war broke out between the Serbs and Croats
|What happened during the war?
|Croats and Muslims joined forces against the serbs and many bosnians were killed, communties became involved and the partition was enacted
|What republics were Bosnia-Herzegovina divided into?
|one for Croats-Muslim; one for Serbs (E. Orthodox)
|What happened during the 2nd half of the 1990s?
|Albanian Muslims in Kosovo demanded freedom, Serbs crushed them, NATO forces bombed Serbia and ended hostilities.
|how did Ireland become a part of the UK?
|1300s English came in taking control of the agricultural economy and by 1700 took over entire island
|What happened to Irish Catholics?
|British Treated them harshly took away their lands, not let participate in government, regarded them as 2nd class citizens
|What did the Irish do in the 1900s?
|Irish began to rebel and the Brits partitioned Ireland to protect Protestants in the north ~26 countries in Rep. of Ireland ~6 countries in N. Ireland which became part of the UK
|What kind of troubles did N. Ireland face other than religion?
|economic, oppression, access to opportunities, terror, civil rights, and politics
|What causes religious fundamentalism?
|perceived breakdown of society’s mores and values, lack of religious authority, failure to achieve, economic goals, loss of sense of local control or, a sense of violation of a religion’s core territory
|What are some innovations Roman Catholic's do not believe in?
|! birth control ! family planning ! role of women in religious bureaucracy
|Why have other sects separated themselves from the Roman Catholic Church?
|Do not recognize the pope and the Vatican does not recognize them
|Who is Mel Gibson and what does he believe in?
|Belongs to the Holy Family Church, associated with the Traditionalist Catholic Movement that believes mass should be conducted in Latin. Modern popes and clergy are not following traditional theology and practices
|What is the fundamentalism for Protestants?
|-preach strict adherence from the bible -wants everyone to come into agreement with bible -political and social areas: ! want prayer in public school ! teaching creationism in science classes ! ban abortion ! outlawing homosexual marriage
|What is the fundamentalism for Judaism?
|Orthodox is the most fundamental sect, extremist groups are banned and denounced in Israel
|What is the Islamic fundamentalism?
|the laws of Islam, which are very strict, are not applied equally throughout the Muslim world such inconsistency, plus concerns about influences, provides a reaction
|What are Shari'a Laws?
|One sign of the growth of fundamentalism, very harsh, N. Nigeria and Sudan have these laws
|What has fueled the path of the extremist movement?
|a view that infidels have invaded the Holy Land, American military and business on the Arabian Peninsula, when the county of Israel began, support Israel gets from US and Europe, and the diffusion of modern culture and technology
|What is the key to avoiding extremism?
|Make sure it doesn't become widespread