Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

APHG Language Ch. 5

Flash cards for APHG Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
What is the Renfrew Hypothesis? (aka. Anatolian Hypothesis) Three areas in and near the first agricultural area (the Fertile Crescent) gave rise to three language families.
Explain the Renfrew Hypothesis. 1) Europe received Indo-European from Anatolia (Turkey). 2) North Africa and Arabia received Afro Asiatic languages from Western arc of Fertile Crescent. 3) Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India received Dravidian from Fertile Crescent's eastern arc.
What is the Conquest Theory? A theory on how Proto-Indo European diffused into Europe. Speakers of Proto-Indo European spread from east to west on horseback.
What is the Agricultural Theory? The spread of the Proto-Indo European language through peaceful sharing of food.
What is the Dispersal Hypothesis? A theory on how Proto-Indo European diffused into Europe. Proto-Indo European began in Caucasus Mountains region and spread eastward before spreading westward.
What is the most common Sino-Tibetan (Chinese) language? Mandarin (Spoken by 3/4 of people in China). Most spoken language in the world.
What percentage of people speak a Sino-Tibetan (Chinese) language? 20% of the world.
What is the main other Sino-Tibetan language? Cantonese.
What do the languages of Sino-Tibetan have in common? What is a difference? Languages are pronounced differently, but the written form of each language is the same.
What about other East and SE Asia languages? Japanese (island) and Korea (hermit island) are from different language families. ISOLATION.
What family is the main language of Vietnamese? Austro-Asiatic.
What are some languages in the Romance branch (Indo-European Language Family) that, like English, have been spread by colonialism? Spanish, French, Italian, Romanian, and Portuguese.
What percentage of people speak an Afro-Asiatic Language? 5% of people. (Middle East)
What two major books were written in the Afro-Asiatic Language Family? Bible and Quran
What is the major language and a revived language in the Afro-Asiatic Language Family? Arabic and Hebrew
How was Arabic spread? By Islamic faith and Islamic (Ottoman) Empires.
Hebrew was the language of what along with Aramaic? Old Testament.
When and where was Hebrew completely revived from extinction? Israel in 1948.
How many languages are in the African language family? Nearly 1,000 languages (caused by little interaction with other cultural groups).
What is the major African language family? Where are most of its speakers? Niger-Congo, (95% of speakers in sub-Saharan Africa).
What is the most important language in Eastern Africa? Swahili.
Where were the Altaic and Uralic language families thought to have begun? The steppes between Tibet and China.
What is the most common Altaic and Uralic language? Turkish
What did Kemal Ataturk order and why? Turkish to be written using the Roman alphabet and not Arabic to increase communication within European countries and to modernize the economy and culture.
Which countries are Altaic languages the offical languages? Some countries that broke off from the Soviet Union.
Where are Uralic languages found? Estonia, Finland, and Hungary.
What does the survival of a language depend on? Political and military strength of its speakers.
Why are endangered languages disappearing? Globalization - Migration (Urbanization), Economic Development (Lingua Franca), Media, and Internet.
Created by: Tmathieu
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards