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Eastern Religions

Vocabulary terms for Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism and Confucianism

The belief in more than one god. Polytheism
A polytheistic religion that was founded in India. It is the oldest living religion. Hinduism
A traditional Hindu belief that divided people into groups based on birth or occupation. Caste System
The one spirit that Hindus believe the entire universe is part of. Brahmin
The sacred writings of Hinduism. The Vedas
The lowest group in the caste system. They are given the worst jobs like dealing with dead bodies. Untouchables
The belief that the soul is reborn into a new body after death. Reincarnation
The belief that good things that you do come back to you as good things and bad things come back to you as bad things. This can happen in your current life or a future one. Karma
The belief in not hurting others. Nonviolence
Term Hindus use to describe their belief in nonviolence. Ahimsa
A religion started by Siddhartha Gautama that believes in following the Middle Way and the Eightfold Path in order to achieve Nirvana. Buddhism
The founder of Buddhism. Siddhartha Gautama
This title was given to Gautama after he achieved Nirvana. It means "the Enlightened One." Buddha
The steps that Buddhists believe that the need to follow in order to achieve enlightenment. The Eightfold Path
Life is suffering, suffering is due to attachment, attachment can be overcome, and follow the Eightfold Path to overcome attachment are known as what to a Buddhist? The Four Noble Truths
Not eating for a period of time in order to gain spiritual insight. Fasting
A state of perfect peace or enlightenment that Buddhists are trying to achieve. Nirvana
Religious leaders that try to bring a religion to a new group of people in a different area. Missionaries
The founder of Hinduism There is no one founder
The founder of Confucianism Confucius
Place where Hinduism was founded India (Modern day Pakistan)
Place where Buddhism was founded India
A Japanese religion that is similar to Animism Shintoism
Place where Confucianism was founded China
Nature spirits in Shintoism Kami
Place where Shintoism was founded Japan
Founder of Shintoism Not one person or we don't know
Religion that is more of a philosophy of behaving properly and knowing your place so society can be better Confucianism
Created by: Shaver
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