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Nissing Nutrit'n Ch2

Nutrition Chapter 2

What do I do if I find an error in this stack of flashcards? Email me the problem, Thanks! totallyjen@gmail.com
Means not overeating a single type of food out of the 5 food groups Balanced
Means controling portion size Moderation
Means choosing different TYPES of food Variety
Describes the comparison of calories to the weight in a food Energy Density (high calorie, like cheese = dense, low calorie, like celery = not so dense)
Describes nutritional intake where intake meets body needs, body has small surplus Desirable Nutritional Health
Describes nutritional intake where intake is below body's needs, surplusses are depleted, and health declines. Undernutrition
Describes nutritional intake where intake exceeds body's needs, with few short term symptoms but serious longterm conditions result from obesity. Can also be caused by abuse of supplements and lead to toxicity Overnutrition
Measurement of nutritional state including height, weight, skinfold thickness, arm muscle or waist circumference Anthropometric
Measure of nutritional state including assessment of blood and urine for enzyme activities and nutrient concentrations Biochemical
Measurement of nutritional state including physical evidence like blood pressure Clinical
Measurement of nutritional state focusing on the actual food you eat Dietary
Measurement of nutritional state including living conditions and availability of certain kinds of food Environmental
What limitations are there to nutritional assessments? Symptoms may not have set in yet because you are "subclinical", or you may have symptoms due to other causes
This type of study is one in which a placebo would be given to one group while the actual treatment or tested element is given to another Case-Control (one group is the "case", the other is the "control)
Amount of nutrients that meet the needs of nearly 90% of people RDA Reommended daily allowance
Recommended intake value based on estimates of healthy people AI Adequate intake
Highest amount of nutrient unlikely UL Upper Limit
Percentage of a 2000 calorie diet DV Daily Value
Use to estimate calorie needs of average person based on ht, wt, gender, age, physical activity EEV Estimated Energy Value
Purpose of Dietary Guidelines for Americans Latest and strongest scientific information to improve human health. NOT for healthy children under 2 years old.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans: How to manage weight? Balance calories (less calories, more nutrients, better patterns of eating)
At least half of your grains should be... Whole (whole grain)
Most Americans need to reduce these two foods... Salt (sodium) and Sugar (esp. sugary drinks)
Name one limitation of MyPlate It doesn't address the types of food to choose, it doesn't address total diet, and access to info may be limited
Food items are considered to be low fat if what percentage of the total calories are from fat? Or if less than how many grams of fat are in each serving? Less than 30% or less than 3 grams per serving
How do you determine the number of grams of protein you should eat a day? Weight in Kilograms x .8
Do all packaged foods require a label? Yes
Do all fruits and vegetables require a label? No
Do raw single ingredient meals such as a piece of fish require a label? No
Does any food making a health claim require a label? Yes
Created by: jenissing