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Ch. 7 Ethnicity

AP Human Geography

Ethnicity Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth
Triangular Slave Trade An efficient triangular trading pattern
Sharecropper Works fields rented from a landowner and pays the tent by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops
Racism The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Racist A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism
Blockbusting Real estate agents convince white homeowners living near a black area to sell their homes at low prices, preying on their fears that black families would soon move into the neighborhood and cause property values to decline
Apartheid The physical separation of different races into different geographic areas
Nationality Identity with a group of people who share a legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country
Self-determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a nationality
Centripetal force (ex. Nationalism) An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Multi-ethnic state A state that contains more than one enthicity
Multinational states Other multi-ethnic states that contain two ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agress to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
Balkanized A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms to each other
Balkanization The progress which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Ethnic Cleansing Process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
Race Identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor
Created by: 10004493