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Ch.7 Ethnicity Vocab

vocab words for ch.7 AP human

QuestionAnswer
ethnicity identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth
triangular slave trade an efficient triangular trading pattern. ships left from europe to africa to the western hemisphere
sharecropper works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops
race identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor
racism the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
racist a person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism
blockbusting real estate agents convinced white homeowners living near a black area to sell their houses at low prices preying on their fears that black families would soon move into the neighborhood and cause property values to decline
apartheid the physical separation of different races into geographic areas
nationality is identity with a group of people who share legal attachments and personal allegiance to a particular country
self-determination the concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
nation-state a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
nationalism loyalty and devotion to a nationality
centripetal force an attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
multi-ethnic state a state that contains more than one ethnicity
multinational states contain two ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
ethnic cleansing is a process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
balkanized a small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms towards each other
balkanization the process by which a state breaks down through out conflicts among its ethnicites- as a threat to peace through out the world, not just in a small area
Created by: 00730560