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Medical Terminology

Chapter 1

word roots contain the basic meaning of the term. Usually, but not always, indicate the body part
Suffixes usually, but not always, indicate the procedure, condition, disorder, or diseas. A suffix always comes at the end of a word
Prefixes usually, but not always, indicate location, time, number, or status. A prefix always comes at the beginning of a word.
-algia pain and suffering
dys- difficult, painful, bad
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out, excision
hyper- excessive, increased
hypo- deficient, decreased
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition, disease
-ostomy surgically creating an opening
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy to suture
-rrhea abnormal flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
abdominocentesis surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
acronym a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of a compound term
appendectomy the surgical removal of the appendix
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
arteriogram the record produced by arteriography
arteriography the process of recording a picture of an arteryor arteries
arterionecrosis tissue death of an artery or arteries
arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arthralgia pain in a joint or joints
atheroma fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
cardiac pertaining to the heart
colostomy curgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface
colotomy a surgical incision into the colon
diagnosis determination of the nature of a person's disease
diarrhea abnormal frequency of loose or watery stools
edema excess fluid in body tissues, causing swelling
endarterial pertaining to the interior lining of an artery
endoscopy the visual examination of the interior of a body cavity with the use of an endoscope
eponym disease, structure, operation or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
erythrocytes mature RBC's
gastralgia pain in the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastrosis any abnormal condition of the stomach
gerontologist a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases, disorders, and problems associated with aging
hemorrhage the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension Consistent abnormally elevated blood pressure levels
Hypotension Lower than normal blood pressure
Ileum Part of small intestine
Ilium Is part of hip bone
Infection Is invasion of body by pathogenic organism
Inflammation Localized response to an injury or destruction of tissue
Interstitial Between, but not within,the parts of a tissue
Intramuscular Within the muscle
Laceration A torn, ragged wound
Lesion A pathological change of the tissues due to disease or injury
Leukocyte WBC
Ligation Binding or tying off vessels or ducts
Lithotomy Surgical incision for the removal of a stone; an examination position
Melanesia Any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in different parts of the body
Mycosis Any disease caused by a fungus
Myelopathy Any pathological condition of the spinal cord
Myopathy Any pathological change or disease of muscle tissue
Myorrhaphy To suture a muscle wound
Myorrhexis Rupture of a muscle
Neonatology Study of disorders of newborn
Neuritis inflammation of nerve or nerves
Neuroplasty surgical repair of nerve or nerves
Otolaryngology the study of ear, nose and throat
Otorhinolaryngology the study of ear, nose and throat
Palpation an examination tech in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
Palpitation a pounding or racing heart
Perinatal time and events just before, during and just after birth
Poliomyelitis a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord that may result in paralysis
Postnatal time and events after birth
Prenatal the time and events before birth
Prognosis is a forecast or prediciton of probable course and outcome of a disorder
Prostrate to collapse or to be overcome with exhaustion
Prostate refers to the male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
Pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
Pyoderma any pus-forming skin disease
Pyrosis regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus; aka heartburn
Subcostal below a rib or ribs
Supination rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forwrd or upward
Suppuration formation or discharge of pus
Supracostal above or outside the ribs
Suturing closing a wound or incision by stitching or a similar means
Symptom sign of disease that is observed by patient only
Syndrome a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
Tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
Tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
Trauma wound or injury
Triage medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
Viral pertaining to a virus
Virile possessing masculine traits
Created by: jmwgreene