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Chapter 1 LS

intuduction to medic terms

Abdominocentesis surgical puncture of the abdomen
acronym A neologism created from the first letter of the each of the words in a particular phrase
acute having severe symptoms and a short course
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
arteriosclerosis a group of diseases characterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
arthraligia joint pain; it is a symptom of injury, infection, illnesses (in particular arthritis)
colostomy surgical procedure where a portion of the large intestine is brought through the abdominal wall to carry stool out of the body.
cyanosis physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
dermatologist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
diarrhea an increased frequency or decreased consistency of bowel movements
edema abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells (interstitial spaces).
endarterial within an artery.
eponym A name of a drug, structure, or disease based on or derived from the name of a person.
erythrocyte red blood cell; corpuscle; one of the formed elements in peripheral blood
fissure any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness.
fistula A Fistula is a permanent abnormal passageway between two organs in the body or between an organ and the exterior of the body.
gastralgia pain in the stomach or abdominal region
gastrosis Any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage the escape of blood from the vessels; bleeding
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
infection invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury
inflammation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissues
interstitial Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ
intramuscular Within a muscle
laceration the act of tearing
lesion any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part
mycosis any disease caused by fungi
myelophaty refers to pathology of the spinal cord
myophathy a muscular disease in which the muscle fibers do not function for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness
myorrhexis Tearing of a muscle
natal pertaining to birth
neonatology The branch of pediatrics that deals with the diseases and care of newborns
neutritis Inflammation of a nerve
otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat) is the branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck
palpation a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something (of body parts when the examiner is a health professional)
palpitation 1. A trembling or shaking. 2. Irregular, rapid beating or pulsation of the heart
pathology The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Also called pathobiology
phalanges They're technically your finger bones
poliomyelitis A highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and, in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often deformity
prognosis A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
prostate The prostate gland
pyoderma pyogenic skin disease
pyrosis a burning feeling in the stomach and esophagus, sometimes accompanied by the belching of acid fluid; heartburn.
remission a. The act of remitting. b. A condition or period in which something is remitted
sign an indication of the existence of something; any objective evidence of a disease
supination one of the kinds of rotation allowed by certain skeletal joints, such as the elbow and the wrist joints, which permit the palm of the hand to turn up
suppuration The formation or discharge of pus.
supracostal Located above the ribs.
symptom any subjective evidence of disease or of a patient's condition
syndrome set of symptoms occurring together; the sum of signs of any morbid state; a symptom complex.
tonsillitis infection and swelling of the tonsils, which are oval-shaped masses of lymph gland tissue located on both sides of the back of the throat.
trauma injury ;psychological or emotional damage
triage the sorting out of casualties of war or other disaster to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment.
viral pertaining to or caused by a virus
angiography x-ray study of the blood vessels
diagnosis the determination of the nature of a case of a disease or the distinguishing of one disease from another.diagnos´tic
gastroenteritis infection or irritation of the digestive tract
Created by: 352670