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Chapter 2

Medical Terms

abdomen space below the chest that contains organs such as the stomach, liver, intestines, and gallbladder, which is located between the diaphragm and pelvis
abdominal cavity space below the chest that contains organs such as the stomach, liver, intestines, and gallbladder, which is located between the diaphragm and pelvis
anterior located in the front of the body or of a structure
bronchial tube one of two tubes that carry air from the windpipe to the lungs
bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchial tubes by passing aan endoscope through the trachea (windpipe) in to the bronchi
cartilage flexible, fibrous connective tissue, found attached to the nose, ears, voice box, and windpipe and chiefly attached to bones at joints
cervical pertaining to the neck of the body or the neck of the uterus
circulatory system organs that carry blood throughout the body
coccygeal pertaining to the tailbone
coccyx tailbone
cranial cavity space surrounded by the skull and containing th brain and other organs
craniotomy incisoin of the skull
diaphragm muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen
digestive system organs that bring food into the body and break it down to enter the bloodstream or eliminate it throught the rectum and anus
disk (disc) pad of cartilage that is beteen each backbone
endocrine system system made of of endocrine glands such as pituitary, thyroid, adrenal glands and the pancreas
epithelial pertaining to skin cells
esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
esophagus tube leading from the trhoat to the stomach
female reproductive system organs that produce and transport egg cells and secrete female hormones, includes the uterus where the embryo and fetus grow
frontal plane imaginary line that divides an organ or the body into a front and back portion; the coronal plane
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hypochondriac pertaining to lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs and is also known as a person who has chronic concern about the health of their body
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen done by a small incision made near the navel and and instrument is inserted to view abdominal organs
laparotomy incision of the abdomen
laryngeal pertaining to the larynx (voice box)
laryngectomy removal of the larynx (voice box)
larynx voice box, located at the top of the trachea and containing vocal cords
lateral pertaining to the side
lumbar pertaining to the loins; part of the back and sides betweenthe chest and hip
lymphocyte white blood cell that is found within lymph and lymph nodes
mediastinal pertaining to the mediastinum
madiastinum space between the lungs in the chest containing the heart, large blood vessels, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland and lymph nodes
musculoskeletal system organs that support the body and allow it to move, including the muscles, bones, joints, and connective tissues
nervous system organs such as brain, spinal cord, and nerves that transmit electrical messages throughout the body
ovary one of two organs in the female abdomen that produces egg cells and female hormones
pelvic cavity space contained within the hip bones and the lower part of the backbone
pelvis lower part of the trunk of the body including the hip bone, tailbone and sacrum
peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum
peritoneum merbrane that surrounds the abdomen and holds the abdominal organs inplace
pharyngeal pertaining to the pharynx (throat)
pharynx organ behind the mouth that receives swallowed food and delivers it into the esophagus.
pituitary gland organ at the base af the brain that secretes hormones
pleura double membrane that surronds the lungs
pleuritis inflmmation of the pleura
posterior located in the back portion of a structure or of the body
respiratory system organs that control breathing
sacral pertaining to the sacrum
sacrum triangular bone in the lower back, below the lumbar bones and formed by five fused bones
sagittal plane an imaginary line that divides and organ or the body into right and left portions
spinal cavity space in the back that contains the spinal cord and is surrounded by the backbones
spinal column backbones; vertebrae
spinal cord bundle of nerves that extends from the brain down the back
thoracic cavity space above the abdomen that contains that heart, lungs and other organs
thoracotomy Incision fo the chest
trachea tube that carries air from the t
tracheotomy incision of the trachea
transverse plane imaginary line that divides an organ or the body into a n upper and lower portion
ureter one of tubes that lead from the kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra tube that carries urine for the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
urinary system organs thatproduce and send urine out of the body, these organs are the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
uterus muscular organ in a female that holds and provides nourishment for the debeloping fetus, also called the womb
vertebra a backbone
vertebrae backbones
vertebral pertaining to the backbone
Created by: Pinkchicsrule