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Medical Terms 144294

Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid; abdominal paracentesis.
acronym an acrostic
acute (of disease) brief and severe ( opposed to chronic ).
angiography x-ray examination of blood vessels or lymphatics following injection of a radiopaque substance.
appendectomy excision of the vermiform appendix
arteriosclerosis degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by thickening of the vessel walls and accumulation of calcium with consequent loss of elasticity and lessened blood flow
Arthralgia literally means joint pain ; it is a symptom of injury, infection, illnesses -- in particular arthritis-- or an allergic reaction to medication
colostomy the construction of an artificial opening from the colon through the abdominal wall, thus bypassing a diseased portion of the lower intestine and permitting the passage of intestinal contents.
cyanosis blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood.
dermatologist a specialist in dermatology, especially a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin
diagnosis the process of determining by examination the nature and circumstances of a diseased condition
diarrhea an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal frequency and fluidity of fecal evacuations.
edema effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities
endarterial the innermost lining of an artery
eponym a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name:
erythrocyte red blood cell
fissure a natural division or groove in an organ, as in the brain.
fistula a narrow passage or duct formed by disease or injury, as one leading from an abscess to a free surface, or from one cavity to another
gastralgia neuralgia of the stomach
gastritis inflammation of the stomach, especially of its mucous membrane
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
hemorrhage a profuse discharge of blood, as from a ruptured blood vessel; bleeding
hepatomegaly an abnormal enlargement of the liver, usually associated with liver disease or heart failure.
hypertension elevation of the blood pressure, especially the diastolic pressure.
hypotension  decreased or lowered blood pressure
infection an infecting with germs of disease, as through the medium of infected insects, air, water, or clothing.
intramuscular located or occurring within a muscle.
laceration  the result of lacerating; a rough, jagged tear.
lesion  any localized, abnormal structural change in the body.
mycosis the presence of parasitic fungi in or on any part of the body.
myelopathy
myopathy
myorrhexis
natal presiding over or affecting a person at birth:
neonatology the study of the development and disorders of newborn children.
neuritis continuous pain in a nerve, associated with paralysis and sensory disturbances
otorhinolaryngology
palpation
palpitation
pathology
phalanges
poliomyelitis
prognosis
prostate
pyoderma
pyrosis
remission
sign
supination
suppuration
supracostal
symptom
syndrome
tonsillitis
trauma
triage
viral
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Created by: 144294