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Ethnicity

APHG Chapter 7: Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
the adoption by which an ethnic group of enough of the ways of the host society to be able to function economically and socially. Acculturation
Generic modification making a population more fit for existence under specific environmental conditions Adaption
in ethnic geography, the concept that multiethnic societies become a merger of the culture traits of their member groups Amalgamation
Laws that physically separate different races into different geographical areas. Apartheid
a two-part behavioral and structural process by which a minority population reduces or loses completely its identifying cultural characteristics and blends into the host society Assimaltion
A process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities. Balkanized
process of integration into a common cultural life through acquisition of the sentiments, attitudes, and experiences of other groups Behavorial Assimilation
An unethical real-estate practice by which realtors convince white property owners to sell their holdings at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood. Blockingbusting
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state. Centripetal force
process by which migration movements from a common home area to a specific destination are sustained by links of friendship or kinship between first movers and later followers Chain migration
in ethnic geography, an urban ethnic area serving as point of entry and temporary acculturation zone for a specific immigrant group Colony
the readoption by later generations of culture traits and identities associated with immigrant forebears or ancestral homelands Culture Rebound
a pattern of movement and settlement resulting from the collective action of distinctive social or ethnic group Cluster Migration
purposeful policy designed by one ethnic group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic group from certain geographic areas. Ethnic Cleansing
a small area occupies by a distinctive minority culture Ethnic Enclave
the study of spatial distributions and interactions of ethnic groups and of the cultural characteristics on which they are based Ethnice geography
a group of people who share a common ancestry and cultural tradition, often living as a minority in a larger city. Ethnic group
a small rural area settled by a single, distinctive ethnic group that placed its imprint on the landscape Ethnic Island
a large territory, urban and rural, dominated by or closely associated with a single ethnic group Ethnic province
in plural societies, the early arriving ethnic group that created the first effective settlement and established the recognized cultural norms to which other, later groups expected to conform Charter group
conviction of the evident superiority of one's own ethnic group Ethnocentrism
An attitude that tends to divide people and decrease support for a state. Centrifugal force
ethnic quality, affiliation with a group who's racial, cultural, religious, or linguistic characteristics or national origins distinguish it from a larger population within which it is found Ethnicity
Discriminatory Action
International Migration;Internal Migration;Forced Migration Migratory pattern
Cultural Influence
which is also known as gene migration, is when the alleles of genes are transferred from one population to another Gene Flow
a chance modification of gene composition occurring in an isolated population and becoming accentuated through inbreeding Gene Drift
a forced or voluntarily segregated residential area housing a racial, ethnic, or religious minority Ghetto
the established and dominant society within which immigrant groups seek accommodation host society
State that contains more than one ethnicity. multi-ethnic state
Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality. nationalism
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born here. Nationality
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality. Nation-state
"Survival of the fittest natural selection
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor race
The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. racism
a measure of the degree to which members of a minority group are not uniformly distributed among the total population segregation
The principle, in international law, that nations have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no external compulsion or external interference. self-determination
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops Sharecopper
a measure of the perceived degree of social separation between individuals, ethnic groups, neighborhoods, or other groupings; the voluntary or enforced segregation of two or more distinct social groups for most activities social distance
the distribution of immigrant ethnics among the groups and social strata of a host society,, but without their full behavioral assimilation into it Structural assimilation
the degree of neighborhood racial or ethnic mixing that induces the former majority group to move and rapidly tipping point
an efficient triangular trading pattern triangular slave trade
Created by: lakeidra98